Azad Kashmir

self-governing polity administered by Pakistan

Azād Jammu and Kashmir, (Urdu: آزاد جموں و کشمیر‎, lit. 'Free Jammu and Kashmir') also called Azad Kashmir, is a self-governing province of Pakistan and one of the disputed territories of the Kashmir conflict as it is claimed by India.

Azād Kashmir

آزاد جموں و کشمیر
Autonomous State
Azād Jāmmu o Kāshmir
Azad kashmir.jpg
Official seal of Azād Kashmir
Seal
Location of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Azād Kashmir
CountryPakistan
Established24 October 1947
CapitalMuzaffarabad
Largest cityMirpur
Government
 • TypeAutonomous territory of Pakistan
 • BodyLegislative Assembly
 • President[1]
 • Prime Minister[2]
Area
 • Total13,297 km2 (5,134 sq mi)
Population
 (2008; est.)
 • Total4,567,982
 • Density340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
ISO 3166 codePK-JK
Main Language(s)
Assembly seats33[3]
Districts10
Websiteazadkashmir.gov.pk

It borders Gilgit-Baltistan in the North while to its East is the Indian-held Kashmir, known as Jammu and Kashmir (also a disputed territory between India and Pakistan, part of the Kashmir conflict), separated by the Line of control and to its south is the Islamabad Capital Territory as well as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab, Pakistan

The capital city of Azad Kashmir is Muzaffarabad. Azad Jammu and Kashmir has an area of 5,134 mi² (13,297 km²). The inhabitants of this region are Kashmiri citizens of ethnic Pahari origin. About 4 million people live there.

Government and politicsEdit

Azad Kashmir is a self-governing state under Pakistan.[4][5] It has its own elected president, prime minister, legislature, high court, emblem and official flag. However, the highest body in the state is the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council. This council has six members from the government of Azad Kashmir (including the President and the Prime Minister of Azad Kashmir) and five members from the government of Pakistan, including the President of Pakistan who is the chairman/chief executive of the council.[4][6] Azad Kashmir is administratively divided into three divisions which, in turn, are divided into ten districts.

The Government of Azad Kashmir and Jammu is based in Muzaffarabad, the interim state capital of the Azad Kashmir disputed territory.

DivisionsEdit

The state is divided into three divisions.[7] The divisions are further divided into districts. There are 10 districts.

Division District Area (km²) Population (1998) Headquarters
Mirpur Bhimber 1,516 301,633 Bhimber
Kotli 1,862 563,094 Kotli
Mirpur 1,010 333,482 Mirpur
Muzaffarabad Muzaffarabad[8] 2,496 453,975 Muzaffarabad
Hattian 166,064
Neelum Valley 3621 125,712 Authmuqam
Poonch Poonch 855 411,035 Rawalakot[8]
Haveli 600 (est.) 111,694 (est.) Forward Kahuta[8]
Bagh 768 281,721 Bagh
Sudhnoti 569 224,091 Pallandari
AJK Total 10 districts 13,297 2,972,501 Muzaffarabad

GeographyEdit

The northern part of Azad Jammu and Kashmir encompasses the lower area of the Himalayas, including Jamgarh Peak (4,734 m or 15,531 ft). However, Hari Parbat peak in Neelum Valley is the highest peak in the state. Fertile, green, mountainous valleys are characteristic of Azad Kashmir's geography, making it one of the most beautiful regions of the subcontinent.[4]

The region receives rainfall in both the winter and the summer. Muzaffarabad and Pattan are among the wettest areas of Pakistan. Throughout most of the region, the average rainfall exceeds 1400 mm, with the highest average rainfall occurring near Muzaffarabad (around 1800 mm). During the summer season, monsoon floods of the rivers Jhelum and Leepa are common due to extreme rains and snow melting.

Azad Kashmir State Symbols
Title Symbol Image
State animal Kashmir stag  
State bird Himalayan monal  
State flower Rhododendron ponticum  
State tree Platanus orientalis  

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Pir Karam Ali Shah appointed GB Governor". The News. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
  2. "Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan's Premier NEWS Agency ) - Public service policy to be pursued in Azad Kashmir: PM". Ftp.app.com.pk. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  3. Legislative Assembly will have directly elected 24 members, besides six women and three technocrats. "Azad Kashmir: New Pakistani Package or Governor Rule" 3 September 2009, The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Azad Kashmir" at britannica.com
  5. "Azad Jammu and Kashmir – Introduction". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
  6. http://www.ajk.gov.pk/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2257&Itemid=144
  7. "Administrative Setup". ajk.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 April 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 http://www.eurojournals.com/ejsr%2017%203.pdf#page=89