Kashmir markhor

subspecies of mammal

The Kashmir markhor or flare horned markhor (Capra falconeri cashmiriensis) is a goat that lives in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan and in the Kashmir Valley in India.[1] Some scientists say it is a subspecies of Capra falconeri and others say it does not count as its own subspecies.[2]

Kashmir markhor
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Capra
C. falconeri cashmiriensis
Binomial name
Capra falconeri cashmiriensis


This sheep has horns on its head that curve in a spiral pattern.


These animals live in dry places. In the winter, they do not live more than 2200 meters above sea level.[3]


For most of the year, the Kashmir markhor eats grassy plants. In the winter, when snow covers the grass, the Kashmir markhor will eat parts of trees and shrubs if it cannot find grass. It can eat pine needles, but not when it can find other foods.[1]


There are few Kashmir markhor left because human beings take livestock to eat grass in the places where the Kashmir markhor lives. Other people have killed the Kashmir markhor for its horns.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Mehraj Bashir; Mustahson F Fazili1; Fayaz Ahmad; Jahangir Ahmad (2020). "Dietary ecology of Markhor (Capra falconeri cashmiriensis) in winter range of Kazinag National Park, Kashmir, J&K, India". Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 13 (24): 2463–2474. doi:10.17485/IJST/v13i24.432. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 John R. Platt (May 16, 2021). "Sanctuaries Established to Help Save Spectacular Kashmiri Goat". Scientific American Blogs. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  3. George B. Schaller; S.Amunallah Khan (1975). "Distribution and status of markhor (Capra falconeri (Abstract)". Biological Conservation. 7 (3): 185–198. doi:10.1016/0006-3207(75)90014-2. Retrieved July 27, 2021.