Azad Jammu and Kashmir, (Urdu: آزاد جموں و کشمیر پاکستان) also just called Azad Kashmir is a self-governing region that falls under Pakistan and is disputed region with India. In terms of land area it is bigger than Trinidad and Tobago but smaller than Brunei.
آزاد جموں و کشمیر
|Azād Jāmmu wa Kāshmir|
|Coordinates: 34°13′N 73°17′E / 34.22°N 73.28°ECoordinates: 34°13′N 73°17′E / 34.22°N 73.28°E|
|Established||24 October 1947|
|• Type||Autonomous territory of Pakistan|
|• Body||Legislative Assembly|
|• Prime Minister|||
|• Total||13,297 km2 (5,134 sq mi)|
|• Density||340/km2 (890/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PKT)|
|ISO 3166 code||PK-JK|
Geographically, to the north, is the Gilgit-Baltistan province, while to the south borders the province of Pakistani Punjabi, and to the east being the Indian-administered Kashmir.
The capital city of Azad Kashmir is Muzaffarabad. Azad Jammu and Kashmir has an area of 5,134 mi² (13,297 km²). The inhabitants of this region are Kashmiri citizens of ethnic Pahari origin. About 4 million people live there.
Government and politicsEdit
Azad Kashmir is a self-governing state under Pakistan. It has its own elected president, prime minister, legislature, high court, emblem and official flag. However, the highest body in the state is the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council. This council has six members from the government of Azad Kashmir (including the President and the Prime Minister of Azad Kashmir) and five members from the government of Pakistan, including the President of Pakistan who is the chairman/chief executive of the council. Azad Kashmir is administratively divided into three divisions which, in turn, are divided into ten districts.
The Government of Azad Kashmir and Jammu is based in Muzaffarabad, the interim state capital of the Azad Kashmir disputed territory.
The state is divided into three divisions. The divisions are further divided into districts. There are 10 districts.
|Division||District||Area (km²)||Population (1998)||Headquarters|
|Haveli||600 (est.)||111,694 (est.)||Forward Kahuta|
|AJK Total||10 districts||13,297||2,972,501||Muzaffarabad|
The northern part of Azad Jammu and Kashmir encompasses the lower area of the Himalayas, including Jamgarh Peak (4,734 m or 15,531 ft). However, Hari Parbat peak in Neelum Valley is the highest peak in the state. Fertile, green, mountainous valleys are characteristic of Azad Kashmir's geography, making it one of the most beautiful regions of the subcontinent.
The region receives rainfall in both the winter and the summer. Muzaffarabad and Pattan are among the wettest areas of Pakistan. Throughout most of the region, the average rainfall exceeds 1400 mm, with the highest average rainfall occurring near Muzaffarabad (around 1800 mm). During the summer season, monsoon floods of the rivers Jhelum and Leepa are common due to extreme rains and snow melting.
|State animal||Kashmir markhor|
|State bird||Kashmir Koklass pheasant|
|State flower||Kashmir White|
|State tree||Himalayan birch tree|
- ↑ "Pir Karam Ali Shah appointed GB Governor". The News. 26 January 2011. Archived from the original on 28 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- ↑ "Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan's Premier NEWS Agency ) - Public service policy to be pursued in Azad Kashmir: PM". Ftp.app.com.pk. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
- ↑ Legislative Assembly will have directly elected 24 members, besides six women and three technocrats. "Azad Kashmir: New Pakistani Package or Governor Rule" 3 September 2009, The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Azad Kashmir" at britannica.com
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 "Azad Jammu and Kashmir – Introduction". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- ↑ "Administrative Setup". ajk.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 April 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 "European Journal of Scientific Research" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010.