Indian state

Tripura (/ˈtrɪpʊrə, -ərə/)[6] (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা) is a state in Northeast India. It covers an area of 4,036 square miles (10,450 km2).It is the 3rd smallest state of India. It is bigger than Lebanon but smaller than Kosovo. The capital city is Agartala.

(clockwise from top) Clouded Leopard National Park; Rock-cut sculptures at Unakoti; Ujjayanta Palace; Neermahal palace
Official seal of Tripura
Location of Tripura in India
Location of Tripura in India
Map of Tripura
Map of Tripura
Coordinates (Agartala): 23°50′N 91°17′E / 23.84°N 91.28°E / 23.84; 91.28
Union territory1 November 1956
State21 January 1972
Most populous cityAgartala
 • GovernorSatyadev Narayan Arya[1]
 • Chief MinisterBiplab Kumar Deb (BJP)[2]
 • Deputy Chief MinisterJishnu Deb Burman (BJP)[3]
 • Leader of oppositionManik Sarkar (CPI (M))
 • LegislatureUnicameral (60 seats)
 • Total10,491.65 km2 (4,050.85 sq mi)
 • Rank27th (2014)
 • Total3,671,032
 • Rank22nd (2014)
 • Density350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-TR
Vehicle registrationTR-
HDIIncrease 0.663 (medium)
HDI rank6th (2014)
Literacy87.75 % (2011)[4]
Official languages[5]
It was elevated from the status of Union-Territories by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act 1971

Political history


It is a disputed territory claimed as Chittagonian Plains by Bangladesh. Bangladesh says that as Tripura was an Independent Kingdom and never part of British India, the Republic of India had no right to annex the country after the death of its last King.

Provincial symbols of Tripura



  1. Sarkar, Ipsita (20 July 2019). "Centre appoints new Governors in 6 states, Anandiben Patel transferred to UP". Zee News. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  2. "Biplab Deb takes oath as Tripura chief minister". Livemint. 9 March 2018. Archived from the original on 9 March 2018. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  3. "BJP picks Biplab Deb as new Tripura CM, Jishnu Debbarma to be his deputy". Hindustan Times. 9 March 2018.
  4. State of Literacy (PDF),, archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2015, retrieved 20 June 2015
  5. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 79–84. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  6. Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 9781405881180.