Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Indian union territory

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Bengali: আন্দামান ও নিকোবর দ্বীপপুঞ্জ) are a union territory of India. The name is often shortened to A & N Islands, or ANI.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman Islands in India
Andaman Islands in India
Location of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India
Location of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India
Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Coordinates (Port Blair): 11°41′N 92°46′E / 11.68°N 92.77°E / 11.68; 92.77Coordinates: 11°41′N 92°46′E / 11.68°N 92.77°E / 11.68; 92.77
Country India
Established1 November 1956
Capital and largest cityPort Blair
 • Lieutenant GovernorAdmiral (ret.) Devendra Kumar Joshi
 • Chief SecretaryChetan Bhushan Sanghi, IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1
 • Total8,250 km2 (3,190 sq mi)
Area rank28th
 • Total380,520
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • OfficialHindi, English[3]
 • SpokenBengali, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Nicobarese, Kurukh, Munda, Kharia[4]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AN
HDIIncrease0.778 (High)
MammalDugong – 2004
BirdAndaman Wood Pigeon – 2004
FlowerPyinma – 2014
TreeAndaman Padauk – 2004

The islands are in the Indian Ocean, in the southern part of the Bay of Bengal. The capital of this territory is the Andamanese town of Port Blair.

It is made of two island groups - the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands - separating the Andaman Sea to the east, from the Indian Ocean. These two groups are separated by the 10° N parallel, the Andamans lying to the north of this latitude, and the Nicobars to the south. The channel that separates ANI is the 10° degree channel. This islands have the only active volcano in India, Barren Island. These islands are also uninhabitated. It also has the lowest point in India, The Indira Point

The territory's population in the last (2001) census of India was 356,152. Added together, the total land area of the territory is around 6,496 km² or 2,508 mi², it is larger than the Palestinian territories but smaller than Georgia territory of Abkhazia.

Territorial symbols of Andaman and NicobarEdit

  1. "Andaman and Nicobar Administration". Archived from the original on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  2. Census of India Archived 14 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine, 2011. Census Data Online, Population.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). 16 July 2014. p. 109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  4. "". Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016.