Federal districts of Russia

additional non-constitutional grouping of regions; it's not subdivision of Russia; created by Vladimir Putin's decree for presidential convenience

The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are groupings of the federal subjects of Russia. Federal districts are not mentioned in the nation's constitution. They exist only to monitor the government's control over the region and to compare the federal and regional bodies of law.

List of federal districts change

Federal district[1][2] Date

established

Area[3]

(km2)

2010 census HDI (2019)[2] Gross regional product (2020)[4] Federalsubjects Administrativecentre Map of Federal District
Population per km2 GRP GRP per capita
Central 18 May 2000 650,200 38,438,600 59.1 0.847 33.637 trillion

(Template:To EURB)

854,978 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

18 Moscow  
Northwestern 18 May 2000 1,687,000 13,583,800 8.1 0.835 ₽10.644 trillion

(€Template:To EURB)

762,357 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

11 Saint Petersburg  
Southern[a][5] 18 May 2000 427,800 16,141,100[b] 37.7 0.801 ₽6.710 trillion

(€Template:To EURB)

407,280 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

8 Rostov-on-Don  
North Caucasian 19 January 2010 170,400 9,496,800 55.7 0.795 ₽2.404 trillion

(€Template:To EURB)

241,662 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

7 Pyatigorsk  
Volga 18 May 2000 1,037,000 29,900,400 28.8 0.806 ₽13.669 trillion

(€Template:To EURB)

468,462 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

14 Nizhny Novgorod  
Ural 18 May 2000 1,818,500 12,082,700 6.6 0.842 ₽11.675 trillion

(€Template:To EURB)

945,711 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

6 Yekaterinburg  
Siberian 18 May 2000 4,361,800 17,178,298 3.9 0.796 ₽9.027 trillion

(€Template:To EURB)

529,091 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

10 Novosibirsk  
Far Eastern 18 May 2000 6,952,600 8,371,257 1.2 0.810 ₽6.044 trillion

(€Template:To EURB)

741,938 ₽

(€Template:To EUR)

11 Vladivostok  
  1. Includes Crimea, annexed by Russia in 2014; recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community.
  2. Population figures from the Crimean Census in 2014.[6] Crimea was annexed by Russia in 2014, after the 2010 Russian Census.

Source:[7]

History change

The federal districts of Russia were established by President Vladimir Putin in 2000 to help with the federal government's task of controlling the then 89 federal subjects across the country.[8]

On 19 January 2010, the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.[9]

Crimea change

In March 2014, after the annexation of Crimea, the Crimean Federal District was created.[10] However, most countries say that this annexation was illegal.[11] On 28 July 2016 the Crimean Federal District was removed and put into the Southern Federal District to improve the governing of the region.[12]

Far East change

In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were removed from the Siberian Federal District and added to the Far Eastern Federal District.[13] The administrative centre of the Far Eastern Federal District was moved from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok in December 2018.[14]

References change

  1. "Russia: Federal Districts and Major Cities". City Population. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Subnational Human Development Index (SD-201) (Russian Federation)". Global Data Lab. Radboud University Nijmegen. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  3. "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  4. "Валовой региональный продукт по субъектам Российской Федерации в 2016-2020гг".
  5. "Putin signs set of laws on reunification of Crimea, Sevastopol with Russia". Archived from the original on 2014-03-22. Retrieved 2022-10-16.
  6. "Results of Census: Population of Crimea is 2.284 Million People". Archived from the original on November 4, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  7. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  8. Petrov, Nikolai (March 2002). "Seven Faces of Putin's Russia: Federal Districts as the New Level of State—Territorial Composition". Security Dialogue. SAGE Publishing. 33 (1): 73–91. doi:10.1177/0967010602033001006. JSTOR 26298005. S2CID 153455573.
  9. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  10. "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  11. "NATO Secretary-General: Russia's Annexation of Crimea Is Illegal and Illegitimate". Brookings. March 19, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  12. "Крымский федеральный округ включен в состав Южного федерального округа" (in Russian). Interfax. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  13. "Официальныйi интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Archived from the original on 2022-02-05. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  14. "Путин перенес столицу Дальневосточного федерального округа во Владивосток".

Other websites change