Arkhangelsk Oblast

oblast and federal subject in the North-West of Russia

Arkhangelsk Oblast (Russian: Арха́нгельская о́бласть, Arkhangelskaya oblast) is one of the federal subjects of Russia. Specifically, it is an oblast. The capital and largest city of Arkhangelsk Oblast is Arkhangelsk, a port city on the White Sea. Arkhangelsk Oblast also includes the Arctic archipelagos of Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya, and the Solovetsky Islands. The Nenets Autonomous Okrug is also officially a part of Arkhangelsk Oblast, even though it is administered separately. Arkhangelsk Oblast as it is today was created in 1937. The population of Arkhangelsk Oblast was 1,227,626 as of the 2010 census.[9]

Arkhangelsk Oblast
Архангельская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —


Coat of arms
Arkhangelsk Oblast, with the constituent Nenets Autonomous Okrug highlighted in light red
Coordinates: 63°30′N 43°00′E / 63.500°N 43.000°E / 63.500; 43.000
Political status
Federal districtNorthwestern[2]
Economic regionNorthern[3]
EstablishedSeptember 23, 1937[4]
Administrative centerArkhangelsk
Government (as of August 2010)
 • Governor[6]Alexander Tsybulsky[5]
 • LegislatureAssembly of Deputies[7]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[8]
 • Total587,400 km2 (226,800 sq mi)
Area rank8th
Population (2010 Census)[9][10]
 • Total1,185,536
 • Rank43rd
 • Density[11]2.02/km2 (5.2/sq mi)
 • Urban76.0%
 • Rural24.0%
Population (January 2016 est.)
 • Total1,130,240[12]
Time zone(s)MSK (UTC+04:00)
ISO 3166-2RU-ARK
License plates29
Official languagesRussian[13]
Official website

Geography change

Arkhangelsk Oblast, including the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, borders Kirov Oblast, Vologda Oblast, the Republic of Karelia, the Komi Republic, and the White, Pechora, Barents, and Kara seas. The oblast's highest point is Mount Kruzenshtern on Novaya Zemlya.

Economy change

Arkhangelsk Oblast is one of the major industrial oblasts of Russia. The region has large fishing, forestry, woodworking, cellulose, and paper industries. Additionally, Arkhangelsk Oblast is rich in natural resources such as lumber, oil, bauxite, titanium, gold, manganese, and basalt.

Arkhangelsk Oblast also has many major shipyards, especially in the cities of Arkhangelsk and Severodvinsk. There are major pulp and paper mills in Koryazhma and Novodvinsk, and a major bauxite mine in Severoonezhsk. Most towns in the oblast have timber works.

Fishing was the main means of food and trade in the region. However, after the fall of the Soviet Union, these farms lost support. Many villages were left empty. There is some farming and cattle breeding in the region even though it is very cold.

Demographics change

The Northern Land (Apollinary Vasnetsov, 1899)

Population (including Nenets Autonomous Okrug): 1,227,626 (2010 Census);[9] 1,336,539 (2002 Census);[14] 1,570,256 (1989 Census).[15]

Ethnic composition (2010):[16]

  • Russians: 95.6%
  • Ukrainians: 1.4%
  • Nenets: 0.6%
  • Belarusians: 0.5%
  • Komi: 0.4%
  • Tatars: 0.2%
  • Others: 1.3%
  • 25,682 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[17]

Cities and Towns change

Below is a list of the 10 largest cities and towns in Arkhangelsk Oblast by population (as of the 2010 census).

Rank City/town Population
1 Arkhangelsk 348,783
2 Severodvinsk 192,353
3 Kotlas 60,562
4 Novodvinsk 40,615
5 Koryazhma 39,641
6 Mirny 30,280
7 Velsk 23,885
8 Nyandoma 22,356
9 Onega 21,359
10 Vychegodsky 12,861

References change

  1. Law #413-21-OZ
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. "Административно-территориальное деление Архангельской губернии в XVIII-XX вв" (in Russian). Архивы России. 2000. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  5. Official website of Arkhangelsk Oblast. Igor Orlov Archived December 28, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Governor of Arkhangelsk Oblast (in Russian)
  6. Charter, Chapter V
  7. Charter, Chapter IV
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  10. both the total population and the percentages are given without the Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  11. The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  12. Arkhangelsk Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Оценка численности населения на 1 января 2016 г. Archived March 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  13. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  15. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  16. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  17. "ВПН-2010". Archived from the original on January 7, 2019. Retrieved March 16, 2018.