Bryansk

city in the south-west of European Russia

Bryansk (Russian: Брянск, IPA: [brʲansk]) is a city and the administrative center (capital city) of Bryansk Oblast, Russia. It is on the River Desna, 379 kilometers (235 mi) southwest of Moscow. Population: 415,721 (2010 Census);[7] 431,526 (2002 Census);[13] 452,160 (1989 Census).[14]

Bryansk
Брянск
Collage of Bryansk
Collage of Bryansk
Flag of Bryansk
Coat of arms of Bryansk
Anthem: none[2]
Location of Bryansk
Bryansk is located in Russia
Bryansk
Bryansk
Location of Bryansk
Bryansk is located in Bryansk Oblast
Bryansk
Bryansk
Bryansk (Bryansk Oblast)
Coordinates: 53°14′N 34°22′E / 53.233°N 34.367°E / 53.233; 34.367Coordinates: 53°14′N 34°22′E / 53.233°N 34.367°E / 53.233; 34.367
CountryRussia
Federal subjectBryansk Oblast[1]
Founded985[3] or 1146[4]
Government
 • BodyCouncil of People's Deputies[5]
 • Head[5]Marina Dbar[6]
Area
 • Total186.73 km2 (72.10 sq mi)
Elevation
190 m (620 ft)
Population
 • Total415,721
 • Estimate 
(January 2015)[8]
426,225
 • Rank41st in 2010
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toBryansky Urban Administrative Okrug (city of oblast significance)[9]
 • Capital ofBryansk Oblast[1], Bryansky Urban Administrative Okrug[9]
 • Urban okrugBryansk Urban Okrug[10]
 • Capital ofBryansk Urban Okrug[10]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[11])
Postal code(s)[12]
241000–241002, 241004, 241006, 241007, 241010–241025, 241027–241031, 241033, 241035–241041, 241044, 241044, 241047, 241050, 241890, 241899, 241960–241967, 241970, 241980–241983, 241985, 241988, 241991
Dialing code(s)+7 4832
OKTMO ID15701000001
City DaySeptember 17
Twin townsGyőr, Konin, Dobele, Dupnitsa, Gomel, Karlovo, Naujoji Akmenė, Oryol, Severodvinsk, Omsk, Auce, Mahilioŭ, Minsk, Izhevsk, Auce Municipality, SorocaEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.bga32.ru

EconomyEdit

Bryansk is an important center for steel and machinery manufacturing. It is home to many large factories. The main industries of Bryansk include machine building, metalworking, chemical, electrical equipment, electronics, wood, textiles, food, locomotives, diesel engines, freight cars, motor graders, pavers and other road equipment, agricultural (farming) equipment, construction materials, and garments (clothing).

ClimateEdit

Bryansk has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

Climate data for Bryansk (1991–2020, extremes 1928–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
9.9
(49.8)
20.2
(68.4)
28.3
(82.9)
32.3
(90.1)
34.9
(94.8)
37.7
(99.9)
38.4
(101.1)
30.7
(87.3)
24.8
(76.6)
17.1
(62.8)
9.9
(49.8)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.5
(38.3)
12.7
(54.9)
19.6
(67.3)
22.8
(73.0)
24.6
(76.3)
23.5
(74.3)
17.3
(63.1)
10.0
(50.0)
2.3
(36.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
7.7
(45.9)
14.1
(57.4)
17.6
(63.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.1
(64.6)
12.5
(54.5)
6.3
(43.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−4.1
(24.6)
6.7
(44.1)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−8.1
(17.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
3.2
(37.8)
8.8
(47.8)
12.5
(54.5)
14.6
(58.3)
13.2
(55.8)
8.3
(46.9)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
3.0
(37.4)
Record low °C (°F) −41.8
(−43.2)
−34.9
(−30.8)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.2
(36.0)
0.1
(32.2)
−5.2
(22.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−38.6
(−37.5)
−41.8
(−43.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.8)
42
(1.7)
38
(1.5)
38
(1.5)
65
(2.6)
74
(2.9)
83
(3.3)
60
(2.4)
70
(2.8)
56
(2.2)
50
(2.0)
50
(2.0)
672
(26.5)
Average rainy days 7 6 8 14 16 18 17 14 16 16 14 10 156
Average snowy days 23 21 14 4 0.4 0 0 0 0.4 4 14 22 103
Average relative humidity (%) 85 82 76 68 65 69 71 72 77 81 87 87 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 18.6 58.8 133.3 180.0 282.1 264.0 294.5 260.4 171.0 83.7 27.0 21.7 1,795.1
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[15]
Source 2: Climatebase (sun, 1949–2011)[16]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Bryansk is twinned with:[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Law #13-Z
  2. Article 6 of the Charter of Bryansk states that the symbols of the oblast include a flag and a coat of arms, but not an anthem.
  3. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 56. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  4. Hypatian Codex
  5. 5.0 5.1 Charter of Bryansk, Article 24
  6. Official website of Bryansk Council of People's Deputies. Marina Valentynivna Dbar, Head of the City of Bryansk
  7. 7.0 7.1 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  8. Bryansk Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Предварительная оценка численности населения Брянской области по городским округам и муниципальным районам на 1 января 2015 года Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Law #69-Z
  10. 10.0 10.1 Law #3-Z
  11. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  12. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  13. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  14. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  15. "Weather and Climate- The Climate of Bryansk" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  16. "Brjansk Climate Normals". Climatebase. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  17. "Города-побратимы". bga32.ru (in Russian). Bryansk. Archived from the original on 2020-02-09. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  18. "Konin zerwał współpracę z Briańskiem i Rzeczycą - Konin. Tu płynie energia". www.konin.pl. Retrieved 2022-03-12.

Other websitesEdit