Minsk

capital and largest city of Belarus

Minsk or Miensk (Мінск (official spelling in Belarus), Менск; Минск ; Mińsk) is the capital and a major city of Belarus. About 2 million people lived in the city as of 2021. Minsk is also a headquarters of the Commonwealth of Independent States. As a capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is also the capital of Minsk voblast (province) and Minsk raion. Minsk is built next to the Svislach and Niamiha rivers. The timezone in Minsk is GMT +2.

Minsk
Мінск · Минск
Clockwise from top: Minsk business district (Pobediteley Avenue), the Church of Sts. Peter and Paul, Railway Station Square, the Red Church, National Opera and Ballet Theatre, and Minsk City Hall
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Minsk is located in Belarus
Minsk
Location within Belarus
Minsk is located in Europe
Minsk
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 53°54′N 27°34′E / 53.900°N 27.567°E / 53.900; 27.567
Country Belarus
First mentioned1067
Government
 • ChairmanVladimir Kukharev[1]
Area
 • Total409.53 km2 (158.12 sq mi)
Elevation
280.6 m (920.6 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2023)[2]
 • Total1,995,471
Gross Regional Product
 • TotalBr 58.9 billion
(€20 billion)
 • Per capitaBr 29,500
(€10,000)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
220001-220141
Area code+375 17
ISO 3166 codeBY-HM
License plate7
Websitewww.minsk.gov.by

In 2019, Minsk hosted the European Games.

History change

The oldest mentions of Minsk date back to the 11th century (1067). In 1326 Minsk became a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and received its town privileges in 1499. From 1569 it was a capital of the Minsk Voivodship in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It was annexed by Russia in 1793 as a result of the Second Partition of Poland. During 19191991 Minsk was the capital of the Byelorussian SSR.

During the Second World War the city was damaged. Most of the buildings and structures in the city turned into ruins.[4] But it was rebuilt. In 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed. The city became the capital of the Republic of Belarus.

Geography change

Climate change

Minsk has a continental climate. The average annual precipitation is about 700 mm. Summer is warm, but not hot. The average daily temperature in July is +19.1 °C (+66,3 °F). Winter is mild, the average daily temperature in January is −4.2 °C (+24,4 °F). Fog is common in the autumn and spring.

References change

  1. "Minsk City Executive Committee". 18 January 2019. Archived from the original on 18 June 2021. Retrieved 24 January 2019. Official portal minsk.gov.by
  2. "Численность населения на 1 января 2023 г. и среднегодовая численность населения за 2022 год по г.Минску в разрезе районов". belsat.gov.by. Archived from the original on 25 May 2023. Retrieved 19 August 2023.
  3. "Gross domestic product and gross regional product by regions and Minsk city in 2022".
  4. Белорусьфильм (1954). "Новый Минск" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2021-11-19. Retrieved 2021-11-19. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |deadlink= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)

Other websites change