Tula Oblast

federal subject of Russia

Tula Oblast (Russian: Ту́льская о́бласть, Tulskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia. It is in the European Russia region of the country. It is part of the Central Federal District. It has an area of 25,700 square kilometers (9,900 sq mi) and a population of 1,553,925 (2010).[8][5] Tula is the largest city and the administrative center (capital city) of Tula Oblast.

Tula Oblast
Тульская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —


Coat of arms
Coordinates: 53°55′N 37°35′E / 53.917°N 37.583°E / 53.917; 37.583
Political status
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
Established26 September 1937
Administrative centerTula
Government (as of March 2011)
 • GovernorAlexey Dyumin[3]
 • LegislatureOblast Duma
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 • Total25,700 km2 (9,900 sq mi)
Area rank69th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 • Total1,553,925
 • Rank27th
 • Density[6]60.46/km2 (156.6/sq mi)
 • Urban79.4%
 • Rural20.6%
Time zone(s)MSK (UTC+04:00)
ISO 3166-2RU-TUL
License plates71
Official languagesRussian[7]
[https://www.tula.ru Official website]



The territory of Tula Oblast has been lived in by humans since the Stone Age. There are many kurgans (burial mounds) and old settlements to prove this.[9] By the eighth century, these lands were home to the Vyatichi, an East Slavic tribe. The first mention of the city of Tula in 1146 is found in the Nikon Chronicle. It talks about the campaign of Prince Svyatoslav Olgovich of Chernigov. At the time the lands were owned by the Ryazan Principality.



Tula Oblast borders Moscow Oblast to the north, Ryazan Oblast to the east, Lipetsk Oblast to the southeast, Oryol Oblast to the southwest, and Kaluga Oblast in the west. Tula Oblast is in the Central Federal District of European Russia.

Tula Oblast has more than 1,600 rivers and streams. Some major rivers include the Don River, the Oka River, and the Upa River.

The oblast has lots of iron ore, clay, limestone, and lignite.

Tula Oblast has a moderate continental climate.

Administrative divisions




Population: 1,553,925 (2010 Census);[5] 1,675,758 (2002 Census);[10] 1,867,013 (1989 Census).[11]

Largest cities and towns


Ethnic groups


Other websites



  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. "Путин принял отставку губернатора Тульской области Груздева". Lenta.ru. 2 February 2016.
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  6. The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  8. "Города Тульской области". rosstat.gov.ru.
  9. For example, at the Satinskoye settlement site. Yushkova, Maria A. (2012). "Northwestern Russia at the periphery of the north European and Volga-Uralic Bronze Age". In Anfinset, Nils; Wrigglesworth, Melanie (eds.). Local Societies in Bronze Age Northern Europe. London: Equinox (Acumen). pp. 129–147. ISBN 978-1-84553-742-5.
  10. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  11. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.