Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

Union republic of the Soviet Union

The Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (AzerbaijaniАзәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист РеспубликасыAzərbaycan Sovet Sosialist RespublikasıRussian: Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [АзССР] Azerbaydzhanskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika [AzSSR]), also known as the Azerbaijan SSR for short, was one of the republics that made up the former Soviet Union.

Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic
(1920–1922)
Азәрбајҹан Сосиалист Совет Республикасы  (Azerbaijani)
Азербайджанская Социалистическая Советская Республика  (Russian)

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
(1936–1991)
Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы  (Azerbaijani)
Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика  (Russian)

Republic of Azerbaijan
(1991)
Азәрбајҹан Республикасы  (Azerbaijani)
Азербайджанская Республика  (Russian)
1920–1922
1936–1991
Motto: Бүтүн өлкәләрин пролетарлары, бирләшин! (Azerbaijani)
Bütün ölkələrin proletarları, birləşin! (transliteration)
"Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
Anthem: 
(1920–1922)
Azərbaycan marşı
(1944–1991)
Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасынын Һимни
Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikasının Himni
"Anthem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic"
Location of Azerbaijan (red) within the Soviet Union
Location of Azerbaijan (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusIndependent state (1920–1922)
Part of the Transcaucasian SFSR (1922–1936)
Union republic (1936–1991)
De facto sovereign entity (1989–1991)
CapitalBaku
Common languagesOfficial languages:
Azerbaijani · Russian
Minority languages:
Armenian · Lezgin
Religion
State atheism
Demonym(s)Azerbaijani
Soviet
Government
Leader 
• 1920
Mirza Davud Huseynov (first)
• 1990–1991
Ayaz Mutallibov (last)
Head of government 
• 1920–1922
Nariman Narimanov (first)
• 1990–1991
Hasan Hasanov (last)
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
History 
• Republic proclaimed
28 April 1920
• Becomes part of the Transcaucasian SFSR
30 December 1922
• Re-established
5 December 1936
• Sovereignty declared
23 September 1989
19–20 January 1990
5 February 1991
• Independence declared
30 August 1991
• Independence completed
26 December 1991
Population
7,037,867
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Calling code7 892/895
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
Republic of Mountainous Armenia
Transcaucasian SSR
Azerbaijan
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

It was founded on April 28, 1920 as the Azerbaijan SSR. From March 12, 1922 to December 5, 1936, it was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Georgian SSR. In December 1922, the Transcaucasian SFSR became part of the newly established Soviet Union. The Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR was approved by the 9th Extraordinary All-Azerbaijani Congress of Soviets on March 14, 1937. On November 19, 1990, the Azerbaijan SSR was renamed the "Republic of Azerbaijan" while still a part of the Soviet Union for another year before its collapse and the independence of Azerbaijan in 1991.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Высшие органы государственной власти Азербайджанской ССР". Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2015-11-15.