The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand. (May 2012)
|approx. 25–35 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Iran||15 to 30 million:28|
|Russia||621,800 to 1,500,000|
|Turkey||530,000 to 2,500,000|
|Georgia||284,761 to 500,000|
|Predominantly Shia Islam; minorities practice Sunni Islam, Christianity, Bahá'í Faith, and Zoroastrianism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Turkic peoples, Iranian peoples, peoples of the Caucasus|
After the Russo-Persian War (1804–1813) and Russo-Persian War (1826–1828), the land of the Iranian Qajar dynasty in the Caucasus were given to the Russian Empire which makes up the present territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Lands which Iran kept are now known as Iranian Azerbaijan. Even though they live on two sides of an international border, the Azerbaijanis are a single ethnic group. However, northerners and southerners differ due to nearly two centuries of separate social evolution of Iranian Azerbaijanis and Russian/Soviet-influenced Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani language unifies Azerbaijanis, and is mutually intelligible with Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, Turkish, and the dialects spoken by the Iraqi Turkmen, all of which belong to the Oghuz, or Western, group of Turkic languages.:105 The Azerbaijanis are mostly Shi'a Muslim.
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16% of 70 million [11.2 million]
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Approximately (2002e) 18,500,000 Southern Azeris in Iran, concentrated in the northwestern provinces of East and West Azerbaijan. It is difficult to determine the exact number of Southern Azeris in Iran, as official statistics are not published detailing Iran's ethnic structure. Estimates of the Southern Azeri population range from as low as 12 million up to 40% of the population of Iran – that is, nearly 27 million.
- Shaffer, Brenda (2003). Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity. MIT Press. pp. 221–225. ISBN 0-262-19477-5.
There is considerable lack of consensus regarding the number of Azerbaijanis in Iran ... Azerbaijani student groups in Iran claim that there are 27 million Azerbaijanis residing in Iran.
- Olson, Robert W. (2004). Turkey-Iran relations, 1979–2004: revolution, ideology, war, coups and geopolitics. Mazda. p. 76. ISBN 1-56859-114-4.
... in Ankara, Johragani denounced 'Persian' chauvinism and Iran's violation of human rights against the '30 million Azeris of Iran'.
- Brown, E. K.; Asher, R. E.; Simpson, J. M. Y. (2006). Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics, Volume 1 (2 ed.). Elsevier. p. 635. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
Azerbaijani speakers in Iran are more numerous than those in Azerbaijan (13 to 30 million in northern Iran, 6 million in the Republic of Azerbaijan).CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Alieva, Leila (2007). "Promoting Cooperation and Integration in the Wider Black Sea Area". Establishing security and stability in the wider Black Sea area: international politics and the new and emerging democracies. NATO Science for Peace and Security, Volume 26: Human and societal dynamics. IOS Press. p. 157. ISBN 1-58603-765-X.
... large number of Azerbaijanis (30 million in northern Iran and 8 million in present Azerbaijan), ...Unknown parameter
- Stokes, Jamie; Gorman, Anthony (2008). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Volume 1. Infobase. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-4381-2676-0.
... 32 million people in Iran...CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
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