The Safavid state (Azerbaijani: Səfəvilər dövləti) is a state that covered the territories of present-day Azerbaijan, Iran, Armenia, Iraq, Afghanistan, western Pakistan, Turkmenistan, eastern Turkey, northeastern India and Uzbekistan and Russia from 1501 to 1736, and was inherited by historical Iran and Azerbaijan.
The state was founded by Ismail I in July 1501 in Tabriz, declaring himself shah. The core of the Red Army, consisting of Ismail's supporters, was the Turkic tribes. The Gizilbash tribes that supported the establishment of the Safavid state were: Shamli, Rumlu, Mosullu, Pornak, Sheykhavand, Chapni, Bayat, Khinisli, Takali, Baharli, Garamanli, Sadlu, Bayburtlu, Varsaq, Evoglu, Garajadagli, Ustajli, Zulgadar, Afshar, Qajar. The Safavid state also played a great historical role in the formation of the national and religious identity of modern Azerbaijan. Safavid was Turkic ( Azerbaijani ) origins and spoke turkic
- Ismāʿīl I, in Britannika, 2011
- Turko-Persia in Historical Perspective. Cambridge University Press. ss. 86–87
- Viaggi di Pietro Della Valle il pellegrino, descritti da lui medesimo in lettere familiari all'erudito suo amico Mario Schipano, divisi in tre parti cioè: la Turchia, la Persia e l'India. Colla vita e ritratto dell'autore, Torino, 1843.
- И.П. Петрушевский. Государства Азербайджана в XV в.. стр. 205