Afsharid dynasty

Imperial Iranian dynasty of the 18th century

The Afsharid dynasty (Persian: سلسله افشار) was an Iranian dynasty,[1] that originated from the Turkmen[2] Afshar tribe.

Afsharid dynasty
1736–1796
Flag of
Flag of Afsharid Iran
(1736–1796)
Imperial Coat of Arms of
Imperial Coat of Arms
The Afsharids at its greatest extent under Nader Shah
The Afsharids at its greatest extent under Nader Shah
CapitalMashhad
Religion
Islam
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Shahanshah 
• 1736–1747
Nader Shah
• 1747–1748
Adil Shah
• 1748
Ebrahim Afshar
• 1748–1796
Shahrokh Afshar
History 
• Established
1736
• Disestablished
1796
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid dynasty
Zand dynasty
Qajar dynasty

The founder of the dynasty, Nader Shah, was an Iranian[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14] ruler and conqueror of Turkmen[15] origin.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Tucker, Ernest (2012). "Afshārids". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill. The Afshārids (r. 1149–1210/1736–96) were a Persian dynasty founded by Nādir Shāh Afshār, replacing the Ṣafavid dynasty.
  2. Yarshater, Ehsan. (2004). IRAN ii. IRANIAN HISTORY (2) Islamic period (page 4). Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. XIII, Fasc. 3, pp. 234–238, "The Afšār were a Turkmen tribe that during the Mongol conquest was transferred to Azerbaijan (...)"
  3. Osterhammel, Jürgen (2019). Unfabling the East: The Enlightenment's Encounter with Asia. Princeton University Press. p. 68, "...that fully a third of the army of the Iranian conqueror, Nadir (Nader) Shah..."
  4. Esposito, John L., (ed) (2004). The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 71, "In the conflicts following the death of the Iranian ruler Nadir Shah in 1747..."
  5. Asher, Catherine Blanshard; Asher, Catherine Ella Blanshard; Asher, Catherine B. (1992). Architecture of Mughal India. Cambridge University Press. p. 301, "...the Iranian ruler Nadir Shah invaded Delhi."
  6. Tucker, Spencer C., (ed.) (2019). Middle East Conflicts from Ancient Egypt to the 21st Century: An Encyclopedia and Document Collection. ABC-CLIO. p. 695, "...the army of Persian ruler Nadir Shah and Ottoman Empire forces under Yegen Mehmet Pasha."
  7. Alam, Muzaffar; Subrahmanyam, Sanjay (2007). Indo-Persian Travels in the Age of Discoveries, 1400-1800. Cambridge University Press. p. 245, "...invasion of North India by the Iranian conqueror, Nadir Shah Afshar."
  8. Schwartz, Schwartz Kevin L. (2020). Remapping Persian Literary History, 1700-1900. Edinburgh University Press. "...on the triumphs and heroics of the Iranian ruler Nadir Shah (r. 1736–47)."
  9. Emon, Anver M.; Ahmed, Rumee., (ed.) (2018). The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Law. Oxford University Press. p. 495, "...Iranian Afsharid ruler, Nadir Shah (r. 1736–47)..."
  10. Hofmeester, Karin; Grewe, Bernd-Stefan (2016). Luxury in Global Perspective: Objects and Practices, 1600–2000. Cambridge University Press. p. 27, "...the Persian ruler Nadir Shah (ruled 1736–47) had invaded northern India."
  11. Kaicker, Abhishek (2020). The King and the People: Sovereignty and Popular Politics in Mughal Delhi. Oxford University Press. p. 18, "Persian ruler Nadir Shah's invasion of the Mughal empire in 1739..."
  12. Hodgson, Marshall G. S. (2009). The Venture of Islam, Volume 3: The Gunpower Empires and Modern Times. University of Chicago Press. p. 146, "...Iranian ruler Nadir Shah had sacked Delhi..."
  13. Embree, Ainslie T. (2020). Frontiers into Borders: Defining South Asia States, 1757–1857. Oxford University Press, "...Central Asia fell to the great Persian conqueror, Nadir Shah..."
  14. Wink, André (2020). The Making of the Indo-Islamic World: c.700–1800 CE. Cambridge University Press. p. 15, "...the Persian conqueror Nadir Shah."
  15. Tucker, Ernest (2006). NĀDER SHAH. Encyclopædia Iranica. "...Nāder belonged to a group of the Qirqlu branch of the Afšār Turkmen."

Other websitesEdit