Republic of Cyprus

sovereign state situated on an island in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

The Republic of Cyprus is a member state of the European Union. It is in Asia, but it is often associated with Europe because of the culture and history of the people. The capital is Nicosia. Most of the population speaks Greek and Turkish.

Republic of Cyprus

Coat of arms of Cyprus
Coat of arms
Anthem: Ethnikós Ýmnos tis Kypriakís Dimokratías
Εθνικος Υμνος τις Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας
National Anthem of the Republic of Cyprus1
Location of  Republic of Cyprus  (green) in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Republic of Cyprus  (green)

in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Nicosia (Λευκωσία, Lefkoşa)
Official languagesGreek, Turkish[1]
Recognised regional languagesArmenian, Cypriot Arabic
Ethnic groups
(2001)
77% Greek
18% Turkish
5% others[2]
Demonym(s)Cypriot, Greek Cypriot, Turkish Cypriot
GovernmentPresidential republic
• President
Nicos Anastasiades
Independence 
19 February 1959
• Proclaimed
16 August 1960
Area
• Total
9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (167th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2010 estimate
803,147[3] (Does not include North)
1,088,503 (whole island)
• Density
117/km2 (303.0/sq mi) (115th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$23.190 billion[4]
• Per capita
$28,256[4]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$23.174 billion[4]
• Per capita
$28,237[4]
Gini (2005)29
low · 19th
HDI (2011)Increase 0.840
very high · 31st
CurrencyEuro2 (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code357
ISO 3166 codeCY
Internet TLD.cy3
  1. Also the national anthem of Greece.
  2. Before 2008, the Cypriot pound.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states.
Kyrenia castle, northern Cyprus

HistoryEdit

Cyprus is the only place outside England where an English royal wedding took place. That was the wedding of Richard I and Berengaria of Navarre on 12 May 1191.[5][6]

In July 1974, Turkey invaded Cyprus. Since then the northern part of the island has been under Turkish control. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus became independent in 1983 but it is recognised only by Turkey. When entering by aeroplane, a short stop is made at an airport in mainland Turkey.

The present situation[needs to be explained] came about because Cyprus, historically Greek, was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1570–1914. The British administered it from 1878 until 1960. Likewise, Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire for several centuries. Negotiations for a unified island have been held several times without success.

In 2004, Cyprus joined the European Union. On 1 January 2008 Cyprus adopted the Euro, the single European currency. Northern Cyprus accepts Turkish lira, and sometimes the Euro or United States dollar.

GeographyEdit

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia.

There are two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range. The Pedieos River is the longest on the island. The highest point on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 metres (6,404 feet).

The Republic of Cyprus is only on the southern two-thirds of the island (59.74%). The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the northern third (34.85%).

PoliticsEdit

The Republic of Cyprus is a constitutional presidential republic. Each president is elected for a five-year term. The president has a lot of power. Cyprus is the only member of the European Union that is governed by a presidential system of government. It is one of few countries (along with San Marino) to have had a democratically-elected communist government, in office from 2008 until 2013. The current[when?] governing party is the Democratic Rally.

DistrictsEdit

The Republic of Cyprus is divided into six districts:[7] Nicosia, Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol and Paphos. These are not the same as those of Northern Cyprus.

CitiesEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus: "The official languages of the Republic are Greek and Turkish" (Appendix D, Part 01, Article 3)
  2. "Cyprus". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  3. "Total population as of 1 January". Eurostat. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Cyprus". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  5. Lee, Jessica; Bindloss, Joe; Quintero, Josephine (2018-02-01). Lonely Planet Cyprus. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-78701-175-5.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  6. "Cyprus: Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games". Glasgow2014. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  7. "EUROPA – The EU at a glance – Maps – Cyprus". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 27 March 2009.

Other websitesEdit