Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, KKTC), is a de facto state in the northern half of the island of Cyprus. It is internationally recognised as part of the Republic of Cyprus and only Turkey recognised it. According to the European Court of Human Rights, it should be considered a puppet state under Turkish military occupation. Three hundred thousand people live in its 3,335 km². Turkey is the only country which recognizes the territory as an independent republic despite the international sanctions and embargos in place.
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
Anthem: İstiklal Marşı
|Status||Recognised only by Turkey|
and largest city
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Legislature||Assembly of the Republic|
|Independence from the Republic of Cyprus|
|15 November 1983|
|3,355 km2 (1,295 sq mi) (unranked)|
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
• 2011 census
|93/km2 (240.9/sq mi) (117th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Turkish lira (|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
• Summer (DST)
|Calling code||+90 392|
Cyprus was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1570–1914. Many Turks became settlers. As the Ottoman Empire sided against the British empire in World War I, the British annexed Cyprus. In 1923, by the Treaty of Lausanne Turkey gave up the island to the British Empire which in 1925 converted it to a crown colony. The British administered it from 1878 until 1960.
In 1974, in response to a growing conflict with Greece, the Turkish army invaded and occupied Cyprus. Many settlers from mainland Turkey came from Turkey into the northern part of the island. The move drew international condemnation and Northern Cyprus remains unrecognized by the United Nations.
Since 1974, the United Nations has established a ceasefire line between Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots. The ''Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus'' was formed in 1983 and Rauf Denktash became the first president. Negotiations for a unified island have been held several times without success.
Northern Cyprus, despite its international pariah status, stands out amongst other "frozen conflict" zones as having a relatively stable and democratic form of government with high levels of political freedom and civic engagement in the political process.
- "KKTC". Turkish Ministry of Economy. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "Saatler geri alınıyor!". Yeni Düzen. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe, (1996), Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights / Annuaire de la convention européenne des droits de l'homme, p. 153
... that despite the fact that it has not been recognised de iure by any other State than Turkey, the TRNC exist de facto as an independent State exercising all branches of State power on its territory.