Northern Cyprus officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti) (TRNC), is a partially recognised country in the northern third of the island of Cyprus. Three hundred thousand people live in its 3,335 km². Turkey is the only country which recognizes the territory as an independent republic.
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
Anthem: İstiklal Marşı
|Status||Recognised only by Turkey|
and largest city
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Legislature||Assembly of the Republic|
|Independence from the Republic of Cyprus|
|15 November 1983|
|3,355 km2 (1,295 sq mi) (unranked)|
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
• 2011 census
|93/km2 (240.9/sq mi) (117th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Turkish lira (|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
• Summer (DST)
|Calling code||+90 392|
Cyprus was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1570–1914. Many Turks became settlers. As the Ottoman Empire sided against the British empire in World War I, the British annexed Cyprus. In 1923 by the treaty of Lausanne Turkey gave up the island to the British Empire which in 1925 converted it to a crown colony. The British administered it from 1878 until 1960.
In 1974 some of the Greek Army supported a coup against the Archbishop and President Makarios. The Turkish army invaded Cyprus. This had the effect that over two hundred thousand Greek and Turkish Cypriots abandoned their homes and become refugees in the other part of their own country. Many settlers from mainland Turkey came from Turkey into the northern part of the island. Some native Turkish Cypriots left the TRNC to find a better life in the U.K and other countries.
As the Turkish army stayed the possibility of a negotiated settlement became nearly impossible. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was formed in 1983 and Rauf Denktash became the first president. Negotiations for a unified island have been held several times without success. The standard of living in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is lower than in the Republic of Cyprus.