South Australia

state of Australia

South Australia is one of the six states of Australia. The capital city is Adelaide.

South Australia
South Australia's coat of arms
South Australia's flag

Location change

South Australia is in the southern central part of the country. It is one of the driest parts of the continent. South Australia gets very little rain.

Appearance change

The state has a total land area of 984,377 km² (380,070 sq mi). It is the fourth largest of Australia's states and territories. In 2006 there were 1,554,397 people living in South Australia.[1]

Emblems of South Australia change

  • The floral emblem of South Australia is Sturt's Desert Pea, Swainsona formosa.[2] It was made the emblem on November 23, 1961.
  • The faunal emblem is the Hairy-Nosed or Plains Wombat (Lasiorhinus latifrons).[3] It was chosen on 27 August 1970.
  • The marine emblem is the Leafy Seadragon (Phycodurus eques). It as chosen on 8 February 2001.[4]
  • The gemstone emblem of South Australia is the opal.[5] This was chosen on the 15 August 1985.
  • The official badge of South Australia is the Piping Shrike or White Backed Magpie (Gymnorhina tibicen leuconota). It was chosen on 14 January 1904.

History change

South Australia was a freely-settled, planned British province. Settlement began on December 28, 1836. This was when the state was proclaimed at The Old Gum Tree by Governor Hindmarsh. The aim was to create the province as a center of civilization for free immigrants, promising civil liberties and religious tolerance.

Events change

The state is known for its festivals and fine wine.

Climate change

The highest temperature recorded was 50.7°C at Oodnadatta on 2 January 1960.[6] The coldest temperature recorded was -8.2°C at Yongala on 20 July 1976.[6] The highest rainfall recorded was 272.6 mm at Motpena on 14 March 1989.[6]

References change

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "South Australia". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  2. "Floral Emblem of South Australia". Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
  3. "The Faunal Emblem of South Australia". 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 27 August 1970
  4. "The Marine Emblem of South Australia - Leafy Seadragon". 2012. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  5. "South Australia's Gemstone". 2012. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Rainfall and Temperature Extremes". 31 May 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2011.