capital city of South Australia

Adelaide (Kaurna: Tarndanya) is a city in Australia. It is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and it has an approximate population of 1.2 million people.

South Australia
From top to bottom:
Adelaide is located in Australia
Coordinates34°55′44.4″S 138°36′3.6″E / 34.929000°S 138.601000°E / -34.929000; 138.601000
Population1,324,279 (2016) (5th)
 • Density406.507/km2 (1,052.85/sq mi) (2011)
Established28 December 1836 (1836-12-28)
Area3,257.7 km2 (1,257.8 sq mi)[1]
Time zoneACST (UTC+9:30)
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.4 °C
72 °F
12.3 °C
54 °F
543.9 mm
21.4 in
Flag of Adelaide
Coat of arms of Adelaide

It is the fifth biggest city in Australia, behind Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth. Adelaide was founded in 1836 by Colonel William Light, who named it after Queen Adelaide.

Adelaide is near the Southern Ocean and is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula. It has a river going through it called the River Torrens. Many festivals are held there. Adelaide has a hot-summer and cool-wet-winter Mediterranean climate. Grapes for wine production are grown in the Barossa Valley about 50 kilometres (30 miles) northeast of Adelaide, in the McLaren Vale about 30 kilometres south of Adelaide and parts of the Mt Lofty Ranges to the east.


  1. "2011 Census Community Profiles, Code 4GADE (GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  2. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and MELBOURNE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  3. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and CANBERRA". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  4. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  5. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and Brisbane". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  6. "Great Circle Distance between ADELAIDE and Perth". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.

Other websites


  Media related to Adelaide at Wikimedia Commons