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Brisbane

capital city of Queensland, Australia

Brisbane (local nickname Brissie) is the seaport capital city and biggest city of Queensland in Australia. It has a population of 2.2 million people and is the third biggest city in Australia, after Sydney and Melbourne.

Brisbane
Queensland
Brisbane-montage-redesign.jpg
Map of the Brisbane metropolitan area
Map of the Brisbane metropolitan area
Brisbane is located in Australia
Brisbane
Brisbane
Coordinates27°28′S 153°02′E / 27.467°S 153.033°E / -27.467; 153.033Coordinates: 27°28′S 153°02′E / 27.467°S 153.033°E / -27.467; 153.033
Population2,360,241 (2016)[1] (3rd)
 • Density148/km2 (380/sq mi)
Established13 May 1825 (1825-05-13)
Area15,842 km2 (6,116.6 sq mi)[2] (2016 GCCSA)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location
LGA(s)
RegionSouth East Queensland
CountyStanley, Canning, Cavendish, Churchill, Ward
State electorate(s)41 divisions
Federal Division(s)17 divisions
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.4 °C
80 °F
16.2 °C
61 °F
1,008.2 mm
39.7 in

The central city is on the Brisbane River, 23 kilometres (14 mi) inland from Moreton Bay.

Brisbane is named after the Brisbane River, which is named after Sir Thomas Brisbane who was Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825.

A penal colony was founded at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17 mi) to the north, in 1824. It was moved to North Quay in 1825. The first free settlers moved to Brisbane in 1842. Brisbane became the capital city when Queensland became a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859.

Brisbane has more than 50 skyscrapers more than 100 metres (330 ft) tall.

ClimateEdit

Brisbane has a humid subtropical climate. Summers are hot and wet. Winters are warm and quite dry.[8][9]

Thunderstorms happen a lot from November to March every year. Very heavy thunderstorms caused big floods and a lot of damage in February 1893, January 1974, January 2011 and January 2013.

The warmest recorded temperature in Brisbane was 43.2 °C (109.8 °F) on 26 January 1940 and the coldest was 2.3 °C (36.1 °F) on 2 July 1896.

Sunshine hours are not typical for a location in the southern hemisphere. While the sunniest month, November sees over 250 bright hours, the dullest month, February, equivalent of August in the northern hemisphere, has less than 200 hours.

Climate data for Brisbane Regional Office (1840-1994)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.2
(109.8)
40.9
(105.6)
38.8
(101.8)
36.1
(97.0)
32.4
(90.3)
31.6
(88.9)
29.1
(84.4)
32.8
(91.0)
38.3
(100.9)
40.7
(105.3)
41.2
(106.2)
41.2
(106.2)
43.2
(109.8)
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
29.0
(84.2)
28.0
(82.4)
26.1
(79.0)
23.2
(73.8)
20.9
(69.6)
20.4
(68.7)
21.8
(71.2)
24.0
(75.2)
26.1
(79.0)
27.8
(82.0)
29.1
(84.4)
25.5
(77.9)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
20.6
(69.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.6
(61.9)
13.3
(55.9)
10.9
(51.6)
9.5
(49.1)
10.3
(50.5)
12.9
(55.2)
15.8
(60.4)
18.1
(64.6)
19.8
(67.6)
15.7
(60.2)
Record low °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
14.7
(58.5)
11.3
(52.3)
6.9
(44.4)
4.8
(40.6)
2.4
(36.3)
2.3
(36.1)
2.7
(36.9)
4.8
(40.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.2
(48.6)
13.5
(56.3)
2.3
(36.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 159.6
(6.28)
158.3
(6.23)
140.7
(5.54)
92.5
(3.64)
73.7
(2.90)
67.8
(2.67)
56.5
(2.22)
45.9
(1.81)
45.7
(1.80)
75.4
(2.97)
97.0
(3.82)
133.3
(5.25)
1,146.4
(45.13)
Average rainy days 12.9 13.2 14.3 11.1 9.6 7.9 7.2 6.7 7.3 9.2 9.8 11.4 120.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 229.4 186.5 201.5 216.0 213.9 204.0 229.4 244.9 246.0 248.0 252.0 251.1 2,722.7
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[10]

Local governmentEdit

The City of Brisbane, run by Brisbane City Council, covers a big part of the suburbs close to the city. The outer suburbs are part of Logan City to the south, Moreton Bay Region to the north, the City of Ipswich to the south west, Redland City to the south east, with a small part in the Scenic Rim Region to the west.

EducationEdit

SportEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Ten years of growth: Australia's population hot spots". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  2. "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics.; [1], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Cover
  3. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  4. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and CANBERRA". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  5. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and MELBOURNE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  6. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and ADELAIDE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  7. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and PERTH". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  8. Tapper, Andrew; Tapper, Nigel (1996). Gray, Kathleen (ed.). The weather and climate of Australia and New Zealand (First ed.). Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. p. 300. ISBN 0-19-553393-3.
  9. Linacre, Edward; Geerts, Bart (1997). Climates and Weather Explained. London: Routledge. p. 379. ISBN 0-415-12519-7.
  10. "Climate statistics for Australian locations". www.bom.gov.au.
  11. "TAFE Queensland". Queensland Government. Retrieved 2 December 2007.

Other websitesEdit