Houston is the largest city in the state of Texas, and the fourth largest city in the United States with a population of over 2 million people as of 2019. The current mayor of Houston since 2015 is Sylvester Turner. It is named for Sam Houston, who fought for Texas freedom in 1836. It is well known for Johnson Space Center of NASA.
|City of Houston|
Location within Harris County
|Incorporated||June 5, 1837|
|• Mayor||Sylvester Turner (D)|
|• City||601.7 sq mi (1,558 km2)|
|• Land||579.4 sq mi (1,501 km2)|
|• Water||22.3 sq mi (57.7 km2)|
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|• Density||3,828/sq mi (1,471/km2)|
|(4th U.S., 6th Metro U.S.)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||713, 281, 832|
|GNIS feature ID||1380948|
Houston is known for having the largest medical center and complex in the world, the Texas Medical Center.
Houston is often called a black mecca for African Americans.[source?] Enslaved African-Americans living near Houston worked on sugar and cotton plantations. Only Atlanta, Georgia has more African Americans per square miles.
- "US Census Bureau Population Finder: Houston city, TX". United States Census. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "Population Estimates for the 25 Largest U.S. Cities based on July 1, 2006 Population Estimates" (PDF). www.census.gov. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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