Sam Houston

American statesman, politician, and soldier (1793-1863)

Samuel "Sam" Houston (March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863) was an American statesman, politician, and soldier. He is best known for his leading role in bringing Texas into the United States. Houston, Texas and Sam Houston State University was named after him.

Sam Houston
5th Governor of Texas
In office
December 31, 1859[1] – March 28, 1861
LieutenantEdward Clark
Preceded byHardin Richard Runnels
Succeeded byEdward Clark
United States Senator
from Texas
In office
February 26, 1846 – March 5, 1859
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byJohn Hemphill
1st and 3rd President of the Republic of Texas
In office
December 21, 1841 – December 9, 1844
Vice PresidentEdward Burleson
Preceded byMirabeau B. Lamar
Succeeded byAnson Jones
In office
October 22, 1836 – December 10, 1838
Vice PresidentMirabeau B. Lamar
Preceded byDavid G. Burnet (ad interim)
Succeeded byMirabeau B. Lamar
6th Governor of Tennessee
In office
October 1, 1827 – April 16, 1829
LieutenantWilliam Hall
Preceded byWilliam Carroll
Succeeded byWilliam Hall
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 4, 1827
Preceded byNone (district created)
Succeeded byJohn Bell
Personal details
Sam Houston

(1793-03-02)March 2, 1793
Rockbridge County, Virginia
DiedJuly 26, 1863(1863-07-26) (aged 70)
Huntsville, Texas
Political partyDemocratic

Shortly afterwards, he relocated to Coahuila y Tejas, then a Mexican state, and became a leader of the Texas Revolution. Sam Houston supported annexation by the United States. When he assumed the governorship of Texas in 1859, Houston became the only person to have become the governor of two different U.S. states through direct, popular election, as well as the only state governor to have been a foreign head of state.

Houston was born on March 2, 1793 in Rockbridge County, Virginia. He was of an Irish-Scottish descent. Houston was married to Eliza Allen from 1829 until they divorced in 1837. Then he was married to Diana Rogers Gentry until they divorced. Then he was married to Margaret Moffette Lee from 1840 until his death in 1863. Houston had seven children. Houston died on July 26, 1863 in Huntsville, Texas from pneumonia, aged 70.


  1. Williams, John H. (1994), Sam Houston: Life and Times of Liberator of Texas an Authentic American Hero, New York, NY: Touchstone, p. 316, ISBN 0-671-88071-3

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