André Breton

French writer, Surrealist Movement leader

André Robert Breton (French: [ɑ̃dʁe ʁɔbɛʁ bʁətɔ̃]; 18 February 1896 – 28 September 1966) was a French writer, poet and anti-fascist. He is known best as the co-founder and principal theorist of Surrealism.[1] His works include the first Surrealist Manifesto (Manifeste du surréalisme) of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism".[2]

André Breton
André Breton
Breton in 1924
BornAndré Robert Breton
(1896-02-18)18 February 1896
Tinchebray, Orne, France
Died28 September 1966(1966-09-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
OccupationWriter
Period20th century
GenreHistories, poetry, essays
Literary movementSurrealism
Notable worksSurrealist Manifesto
Spouse
Simone Kahn
(m. 1921; div. 1931)

Jacqueline Lamba
(m. 1934; div. 1943)

Elisa Breton
(m. 1945; his death 1966)
ChildrenAube Breton

He led a surrealist group with members like Salvador Dali and Max Ernest.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Lawrence Gowing, ed., Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists, v.1 (Facts on File, 2005): 84.
  2. André Breton (1969). Manifestoes of Surrealism. University of Michigan Press. p. 26.