André Robert Breton (French: [ɑ̃dʁe ʁɔbɛʁ bʁətɔ̃]; 18 February 1896 – 28 September 1966) was a French writer, poet and anti-fascist. He is known best as the co-founder and principal theorist of Surrealism. His works include the first Surrealist Manifesto (Manifeste du surréalisme) of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism".
Breton in 1924
|Born||André Robert Breton|
18 February 1896
Tinchebray, Orne, France
|Died||28 September 1966 (aged 70)|
|Genre||Histories, poetry, essays|
|Notable works||Surrealist Manifesto|
(m. 1921; div. 1931)
(m. 1934; div. 1943)
(m. 1945; his death 1966)
He led a surrealist group with members like Salvador Dali and Max Ernest.