Andrew Horatio Reeder
Andrew H. Reeder
|1st Territorial Governor of Kansas|
July 7, 1854 – August 16, 1855
|Succeeded by||Wilson Shannon|
|Born||July 12, 1807|
|Died||July 5, 1864 (aged 56)|
|Political party||Democrat (until 1860)|
Republican (from 1860)
Reeder was born on July 12, 1807 in Easton, Pennsylvania. He went to school in Lawrenceville, New Jersey. He became a lawyer in 1828 in Pennsylvania. In 1831, he married Frederika Amalia Hutter. They had three sons and seven daughters.
Reeder supported the idea of popular sovereignty (where people in a state would decide whether a state becomes free or slave) about slavery. On June 29, 1854, President Franklin Pierce asked Reeder to be the governor of the Kansas Territory. He said yes. He would stay governor until August 16, 1855.
On March 30, 1855, many pro-slavery people from Missouri illegally voted in Kansas. Those people wanted Kansas to become a slave state. This caused a lot of violence between Missouri and Kansas, known as Bleeding Kansas. Reeder did not approve the results. He set up new elections.
President Franklin Pierce asked Reeder to quit. This is because Reeder did not let Kansas become a slave state.