Gallo-Romance language spoken in France, Italy and Switzerland
(Redirected from Arpitan language)

Franco-Provençal (also Francoprovençal, Patois, Gaga, Savoyard or Arpitan)[2] is a dialect group within Gallo-Romance originally spoken in east-central France, western Switzerland and northwestern Italy.

patouès, gaga, arpetan
Native toItaly, France, Switzerland
RegionAosta Valley, Piedmont, Foggia, Franche-Comté, Savoie, Bresse, Bugey, Dombes, Beaujolais, Dauphiné, Lyonnais, Forez, Romandie
Native speakers
227,000 (2013)[1]
150,000 in France, 70,000 in Italy,
7,000 in Switzerland[2]
Official status
Recognised minority
language in


Language codes
ISO 639-3frp
Map of the Franco-Provençal language area:
  • Dark blue: protected.
  • Medium blue: general regions.
  • Light blue: historical transition zone.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Franco-Provençal is also spoken in rural areas of French-speaking Switzerland.

In France, it is one of the three Gallo-Romance language families of the country (together with the langues d'oïl and the langues d'oc), and it is officially recognized as a regional language of France, but its use in the country is not widespread. Still, organizations are trying to keep it alive through cultural events, education, research, and publishing.


  1. Franco-Provençal at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Arpitan". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2020-11-15.
  3. Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche, Italian parliament
  4. "f" (PDF). The Linguasphere Register. p. 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2013.

Other websites