long-ranged guns for land and sea warfare

Artillery is a word for the big guns used in an army, for example cannons and howitzers. Such guns are used to shoot targets far away. Artillery is often used to stop enemy troops using an area, to bombard trenches and buildings with enemies in it and to support friendly units. There are many different weapons that are called artillery. They may shoot shells or missiles. Newer systems can even drop mines over a big area, making the area uncrossable. Anti-aircraft warfare includes the use of artillery to fight planes and other aircraft.

Cannon at a fort, 19th century

Those who fire the artillery piece are called "gunners". In most cases someone else, called a "spotter" must see the enemy, because artillery often shoots farther than the gunners can see. The artillery crews do not have to see the enemy to damage them.

Different types of artillery change

Field artillery change

Specialized guns change

Mortars change

Rockets change

Transport-built-in artillery change

Other websites change

More reading change

  • Iggulden, Hal; Iggulden, Conn (2007). "A Brief History of Artillery". The Dangerous Book for Boys. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 209–213. ISBN 978-0061243585.