Ascomycota

phylum of fungi

Ascomycota is a phylum of fungi (kingdom Fungi). Members are commonly known as the sac fungi. They have a sac, the ascus, which contains four to eight ascospores in the sexual stage.

Ascomycota
Scarlet elf cap cadnant dingle.jpg
Sarcoscypha coccinea: shown is the ascocarp, a "fruit body"
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Subkingdom:
Phylum:
Ascomycota

(Berk 1857) Caval.-Sm. 1998[1]
Ascus of Hypocrea virens with eight two-celled ascospores

The structure defines the group and distinguishes it from other fungi. The ascus is a tube-shaped sac, which contains the sexual spores produced by meiosis and which are called ascospores.

It was used in genetics because it contains the results of crossing-over between chromosomes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of Life". Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 73 (3): 203–266. doi:10.1017/S0006323198005167.