Atlantic herring

species of herring in the family Clupeidae

The Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) is a kind of herring, a fish. It can be found on both sides of the Atlantic. It can grow up to 45cm in length, weighing more than half a kilogram. It is a swarm fish, meaning many fish come together and form a school (or swarm) of fish. Swarms of up to 4 cubic kilometers in size have been measured of atlantic herring, with an eastimated 4 billion individual fish. Like with so many other fishes though, commercial overfishing is posing a problem. Stocks of herring have been collapsing.

Atlantic herring
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Genus: Clupea
C. harengus
Binomial name
Clupea harengus
Distribution on a NASA SeaWIFS image

Their natural predators are seals, cod, other large fish as well as some kinds of whales. The current reason for the overfishing is the need of the Omega Fatty Acid, which helps increase memory, and brain functions.

Clupea harengus

Baltic herring


The herrings that occurs in the Baltic Sea is much smaller. Some people consider it a distinct subspecies. They call it Baltic herring, C. harengus membras.