Baikonur Cosmodrome

cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, used by Russia

Baikonur Cosmodrome (Russian: Космодро́м Байкону́р, romanized: Kosmodrom Baykonur; Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, romanized: Bayqoñ'yr ğar'yş aylağ'y) is a spaceport in southern Kazakhstan. It is the first and most active space port in the world.[1] It is leased to Russia until 2050, and is managed by Roskosmos and the Russian aerospace forces. It was originally built by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s. There are many commercial, military and scientific rocket launches each year [2] All crewed Russian spaceflights are launched from Baikonur.

Baikonur Cosmodrome

Russian: Космодром Байконур

Kosmodrom Baykonur
Baikonur Cosmodrome's "Gagarin's Start" Soyuz launch pad before the rollout of Soyuz TMA-13, 10 October 2008.
A Soyuz rocket takes off from Baikonur
Airport typeSpaceport
Owner/Operator Roscosmos
Russian Aerospace Forces
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (+06:00)
Elevation AMSL90 m / 300 ft
Coordinates45°57′54″N 63°18′18″E / 45.96500°N 63.30500°E / 45.96500; 63.30500

Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, was launched from Baikonur in 1957. Vostok 1, the first human spaceflight, was also launched from Baikonur, carrying Yuri Gagarin. The launchpad used for both of these missions was renamed Gagarin's Start.


  1. "NASA-Baikonur Cosmodrome". Archived from the original on 1 March 2021. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  2. "Baikonur Cosmodrome". International Launch Services.