According to The New York Times and Saturday Evening Post, the first bank robbery in the United States happened in March 1831. On February 13, 1866, several men believed to be affiliated with Jesse James robbed Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri. During the robbery, the men shot a 19-year-old student. They then escaped with over $60,000. This was Jesse James' first bank robbery. It may have been the 1st successful peacetime bank robbery in U.S. history.
Bank robbery is a federal crime in the United States.