division of fungi

Basidiomycota is a group of higher fungi. It is one of two large phyla that make up the subkingdom Dikarya.[2] The other is the Ascomycota.

Basidiomycetes from Ernst Haeckel's 1904 Kunstformen der Natur
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Subkingdom: Dikarya
Division: Basidiomycota
Moore, R.T. 1980[1]
Class Incertae sedis (no subdivisions)

These are "higher fungi". They include jelly and shelf, or bracket fungi, mushrooms, puffballs, and stinkhorns; and the rusts and smuts.[3]

Agaricomycotina change

This sub-phylum includes the "classic" mushrooms, polypores, corals, chanterelles, crusts, puffballs and stinkhorns.[4] The three classes in the Agaricomycotina are the Agaricomycetes, the Dacrymycetes, and the Tremellomycetes.[5]

Pucciniomycotina change

The Pucciniomycotina include the rust fungi, the insect parasitic/symbiotic genus Septobasidium, a former group of smut fungi (in the Microbotryomycetes, which includes mirror yeasts), and a mixture of odd, infrequently seen, or seldom recognized fungi, often parasitic on plants.

Ustilaginomycotina change

The Ustilaginomycotina are most (but not all) of the former smut fungi and the Exobasidiales. The classes of the Ustilaginomycotina are the Exobasidiomycetes, the Entorrhizomycetes, and the Ustilaginomycetes.[6]

References change

  1. Moore, R. T. (1980). "Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts". Botanica Marina. 23: 371.
  2. Kirk P.M.; Cannon P.F. & Stalpers J.A. 2008. Dictionary of the Fungi, 10th ed. CABI.
  3. Moore R.T. 1980. Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts. Botanica Marina 23: 371.
  5. Kirk, Cannon & Stalpers 2008, p. 13
  6. Kirk, Cannon & Stalpers 2008, pp. 717–718