Battle of Manzikert
The Battle of Manzikert, or Malazgirt (Turkish: Malazgirt Savaşı) was fought between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Empire. The Seljuq forces attacked on August 26, 1071 near Manzikert, (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Its result was one of the most decisive defeats of the Byzantine Empire and the capture of the Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes. The Battle of Manzikert played an important role in breaking the Byzantine resistance and preparing the way for the Turkish settlement in Anatolia.
|Battle of Manzikert|
|Part of the Byzantine-Seljuk wars|
In this 15th-century French miniature showing the Battle of Manzikert, the combatants are clad in Western European armour of the time.
|Byzantine Empire||Great Seljuk Sultanate|
|Commanders and leaders|
Up to 70,000 (More than half deserted)|
~ 20,000 - 30,000 took part.
|~ 20,000 - 30,000|
|Casualties and losses|
- Haldon, John F. (2000). Byzantium: A History. Tempus Publishing Limited.
- Battle of Manzikert: Military Disaster or Political Failure? By Paul Markham
- Debacle at Manzikert, 1071: Prelude to the Crusades, by Brian T. Carey (Issue 5 - January 2004)
- Konstam, Angus (2004). The Crusades. London: Mercury Books. p. p. 40.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
- Hewsen, Robert H.; Salvatico, Christoper C. (2001). Armenia: a historical atlas. The University of Chicago Press. p. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-226-33228-4.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
- Ann Katherine Swynford Lambton; Bernard Lewis (1977). The Cambridge History of Islam: A. The central islamic lands from pre-islamic times to the First World War. Cambridge University Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-521-29135-4.