Belgian Congo

former Belgian colony corresponding to the modern-day Democratic Republic of the Congo

Belgian Congo was a Belgian colony in central Africa. It was formed in 1908. The government of Belgium took over the previously separate kingdom of Belgium's monarch Léopold II; the Congo Free State. Today it is called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It existed between Léopold II's formal transfer of his personal control to Belgium on 15 November 1908, and Congolese independence on 30 June 1960.[3]

Belgian Congo

Congo belge (French)
Belgisch-Kongo (Dutch)
Coat of arms of Congo
Coat of arms
Motto: Travail et Progrès
(“Work and Progress”)
Anthem: National=The Brabançonne
The Belgian Congo
The Belgian Congo
StatusBelgian colony
Common languagesFrench (de facto official)[1]
Dutch (majority of whites)[2]
more than 200 indigenous languages
King of the Belgians 
• 1908–09
Léopold II
• 1909–34
Albert I
• 1934–51
Léopold III
• 1951–60
Baudouin I
• 1908–10
Théophile Wahis
• 1946–51
Eugène Jungers
• 1958–60
Henri Cornelis
• Established
15 November 1908
30 June 1960
• Secessions¹
July–August 1960
19602,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
• 1960
CurrencyCongolese franc
ISO 3166 codeCG
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Congo Free State
Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville)
¹ Secession of Katanga on 11 July and South Kasai on 8 August 1960


  1. (in French) République démocratique du Congo, Laval University, Canada
  2. (in Dutch) Vlamingen en Afrikanen—Vlamingen in Centraal Afrika, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
  3. Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja (2002). The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People's History. Zed Books. ISBN 1842770535.

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