Congo Free State
The Congo Free State (French: État indépendant du Congo) was a large area in Central Africa. It was privately owned by Leopold II, King of the Belgians. Leopold convinced the international community that he was involved in humanitarian work. He attracted scientific and humanitarian backing for the International African Association (French: Association internationale africaine), which he formed during a Brussels Geographic Conference of geographic societies, explorers, and leaders he hosted in 1876. Leopold used the Association and the defunct "Committee for Studies of the Upper Congo" (French: Comité d'études du Haut-Congo) as a way to claim most of the Congo Basin.
Congo Free State
État indépendant du Congo
Motto: French: Travail et progrès
(Work and Progress)
Anthem: "Towards the Future"
|Status||Personal union with the Kingdom of Belgium|
|Common languages||French (de facto official), |
more than 200 indigenous languages
|Ruler and owner|
|Leopold II of Belgium|
|Francis Walter de Winton (first)|
|Théophile Wahis (last)|
|Historical era||New Imperialism|
|July 1 1885|
|November 15 1908|
|ISO 3166 code||CG|
Leopold created the International Association of the Congo (French: Association internationale du Congo) as a new organization. The entity was officially recognized by the Berlin Conference of 1884-85 and various governments. On May 29, 1885, the king named his new colony the Congo Free State (French: État indépendant du Congo). The Free State fought against the slave trade in order to get full control and force the natives to work at extracting resources, mainly rubber and ivory, for the State.
The Belgian government took control in 1908 and made the Belgian Congo.
- Encyclopædia Britannica