Mughal advisor at Akbar's court, appearing in many folk tales which focus on his wit

Birbal (born Mahesh Das; 1528 – 16 February 1586),[1] or Raja Birbal, was a Hindu advisor in the court of the Mughal emperor, Akbar. Birbal was appointed by Akbar as a poet and singer in around 1560.[2] He was one of the navaratnas (nine jewels of Akbar).

BornMahesh Das
Sidhi, Sidhi, Madhya Pradesh, India
Died1586 (aged 57–58)
Swat valley, present-day Pakistan
OccupationCourtier and advisor in the Mughal court of Emperor Akbar

He is mostly known in the Indian subcontinent for the folk tales which focus on his wit.[2] In the local folk tales he is presented as a very clever person. These tales are popular in India. These tales involve him being smarter then or making fool of other courtiers and sometimes even Akbar, using only his intelligence and cunning. From the twentieth century onwards, plays, movies and books based on these folk tales were made. Some of these folk tales are in children's comics and school books.

References change

  1. Vicki K. Janik, ed. (1 January 1998). Fools and Jesters in Literature, Art, and History: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 91–96. ISBN 978-0-313-29785-4. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Beatrice K. Otto (1 April 2001). Fools Are Everywhere: The Court Jester Around the World. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-64091-4. Retrieved 29 June 2013.