It was created in 1968 after the union of Ehrenstein and Klingenstein. During the 1970s, the municipalities of Arnegg, Bermaringen, Dietingen, Herrlingen, Lautern, Markbronn, Weidach and Wippingen became part of the new municipality of Blaustein.
It is also the final resting place of the German officer Erwin Rommel.
- Wolfgang Fahrian (b. 1941), footballer