one of two official written standards for the Norwegian language

Bokmål ("ˈbuːkmɔːl", lit. "book language") is one of two official written forms of Norwegian; the other is Nynorsk. Bokmål is used by 85-90%[1] of the population in Norway and the usual way to teach to foreign students.

Norwegian Bokmål
norsk   •   bokmål
Pronunciation[nɔʂk] • [ˈbuːkmɔːl]
Native toNorway, Denmark
Native speakers
~ 5.32 million
Standard forms
Bokmål (official)
Riksmål (unofficial)
Latin (Norwegian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
Nordic Council
Regulated byNorwegian Language Council (Bokmål proper)
Norwegian Academy (Riksmål)
Language codes
ISO 639-1nb
ISO 639-2nob
ISO 639-3nob
Linguasphere52-AAA-ba to -be &
52-AAA-cd to -cg
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Bokmål is regulated by the government's Norwegian Language Council. A more conservative orthographic standard is called Riksmål, which is regulated by the non-governmental Norwegian Academy for Language and Literature.


  1. Vikør, Lars. "Fakta om norsk språk". Retrieved 2009-08-04.