Brazos River

river in Texas

The Brazos River (/ˈbræzəs/ (audio speaker iconlisten) BRAZ-əs), called the Río de los Brazos de Dios (translated as "The River of the Arms of God") by early Spanish explorers, is the 11th-longest river in the United States at 1,280 miles (2,060 km). Its source is at the head of Blackwater Draw, Curry County, New Mexico[2] to its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico with a 45,000-square-mile (116,000 km2) drainage basin.[3]

Brazos River
Brazos River below Possum Kingdom Lake, Palo Pinto County, Texas.jpg
Brazos River downstream of Possum Kingdom Lake, Palo Pinto County, Texas
Brazos watershed.png
Brazos River watershed
CountryUnited States
Physical characteristics
SourceLlano Estacado
Source confluenceStonewall County, Texas
 - coordinates33°16′07″N 100°0′37″W / 33.26861°N 100.01028°W / 33.26861; -100.01028[1]
 - elevation453 m (1,486 ft)
MouthGulf of Mexico
 - locationBrazoria County, Texas
 - coordinates28°52′33″N 95°22′42″W / 28.87583°N 95.37833°W / 28.87583; -95.37833Coordinates: 28°52′33″N 95°22′42″W / 28.87583°N 95.37833°W / 28.87583; -95.37833[1]
 - elevation0 m (0 ft)
Length1,352 km (840 mi)
Basin size116,000 km2 (45,000 sq mi)
 - locationRosharon, TX
 - average237.5 m3/s (8,390 cu ft/s)
 - minimum0.76 m3/s (27 cu ft/s)
 - maximum2,390 m3/s (84,000 cu ft/s)

It is one of Texas' largest rivers.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Brazos River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. Kammerer, J.C. (1987). "Largest Rivers in the United States". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2006-07-15. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. Hendrickson Kenneth E., Jr. (1999-02-15). "Brazos River". The Handbook of Texas Online. The General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin and the Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved 2006-07-22.
  4. "Brazos River." Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 11 Aug. 2018. Accessed 27 Nov. 2018.