Bulbourethral gland

small exocrine gland in the reproductive system of many male mammals

A bulbourethral gland (or Cowper's gland) is one of two small glands found in the reproductive system of human males. They are like Bartholin's glands.

Bulbourethral gland
Male Anatomy
The deeper branches of the internal pudendal artery. (Bulbourethral gland labeled at center left.)
PrecursorUrogenital sinus
ArteryArtery of the urethral bulb
Latinglandulæ bulbourethrales
Anatomical terminology

Anatomy change

Bulbourethral glands are found near the urethra at the base of the penis, between the two layers of the fascia. The bulbourethral glands are about the size of a pea. They appear to slowly get smaller as a person gets older.[1]

They are made of several lobules held together by a fibres.

Uses change

During sexual arousal each gland makes a clear liquid known as pre-ejaculate or "pre-cum". This fluid helps to lubricate the urethra for sperm to pass through. It also helps clean out any urine[2] or dirt.

Gallery change

References change

  1. Gray's Anatomy, 38th edn, p 1861
  2. A neglected gland: a review of Cowper's gland