Cardinal (Catholic Church)
What are cardinals? :
According to the Catholic church, the order of the importance of the Catholic Church goes from the Pope, then the Bishops and then the Cardinals. Cardinals are the counsellor of The Pope. (The pope is the head of the catholic church.) In 1245, Pope Innocent IV granted the red hat to the Bishops as a sign of of the Cardinals readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church which showed their dedication to the church.
College of Cardinals change
When there is no pope, the cardinals direct the day-to-day affairs of the Church.
- "Cardinal," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-23.