Pope Innocent IV
Pope Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius Quartus; c. 1195 – December 7, 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 181st Pope from June 25, 1243 until his death in 1254.
|Papacy began||June 25, 1243|
|Papacy ended||December 7, 1254|
|Predecessor||Pope Celestine IV|
|Successor||Pope Alexander IV|
|Birth name||Sinibaldo Fieschi|
|Died||16 July December 7, 1254|
|Other popes named Innocent|
Fieschi was born in Genoa. The Fieschi were a noble family of Liguria.
His nephew will become Adrian V.
Pope Gregory IX made Fieschi a cardinal on September 18, 1227.
Cardinal Fieschi was elected pope on June 25, 1243. He chose the name Innocent IV. Ottobuono Fieschi was the pope's cardinal-nephew during this reign.
Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes. The central problem of his papacy was a conflict with Frederick II, who was the Holy Roman Emperor.
In 1245, Pope Innocent called church leaders to the Council of Lyons in France.
Innocent granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red had was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.
- ↑ "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-22.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Pope Innocent IV", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
- ↑ "Pope Adrian V", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
- ↑ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. pp. 579–580.
- ↑ The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1838. p. 480.
- ↑ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. p. 580.
Media related to Innocentius IV at Wikimedia Commons
- . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Fieschi Archived 2015-01-23 at the Wayback Machine