Pope Innocent IV
Pope Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius Quartus; c. 1195 – December 7, 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 181st Pope from June 25, 1243 until his death in 1254.
|Papacy began||June 25, 1243|
|Papacy ended||December 7, 1254|
|Predecessor||Pope Celestine IV|
|Successor||Pope Alexander IV|
|Birth name||Sinibaldo Fieschi|
|Died||16 July December 7, 1254|
|Other popes named Innocent|
Innocent granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red had was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Pope Innocent IV", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Pope Adrian V", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
- Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. pp. 579–580.
- The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1838. p. 480.
- Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. p. 580.
Media related to Innocentius IV at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
- . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Fieschi