Kingdom of Sicily

former state in southern Italy, 1130–1816

The Kingdom of Sicily was a kingdom that existed in southern Italian Peninsula, what is now Sicily, Calabria, Basilicata, Apulia, Campania, and Molise.

Kingdom of Sicily
Regnum Siciliae  (Latin)
Regnu di Sicilia  (Sicilian)
Regno di Sicilia  (Italian)
Flag of Sicily
(from 14th century)
Coat of arms (from 14th century) of Sicily
Coat of arms
(from 14th century)
The Kingdom of Sicily in 1190.
The Kingdom of Sicily in 1190.
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
• 1130–1154
Roger II (first)
• 1266–1282
Charles I of Anjou
• 1759–1816
Ferdinand III (last)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
County of Sicily
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

History change

Norman conquest change

The Kingdom of Sicily succeeded the County of Sicily which was created in 1071 during the Norman conquest of the peninsula.

Angevin rule change

In 1282, there was a revolt against the Angevin rule, it threw off Charles of Anjou's rule of Sicily. The Angevins are able to maintain control in the main part of the kingdom which became commonly known as the Kingdom of Naples, named after its capital, Naples.

Crown of Aragon change

From 1282 to 1409, Sicily was ruled by the Crown of Aragon. After 1302, the island kingdom was sometimes called the Kingdom of Trinacria,[1] In 1816, the Kingdom of Sicily merged with the Kingdom of Naples to form the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies change

In 1861, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was invaded and conquered by an Expedition Corp (Expedition of the Thousand) led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification. After a referendum, Two Sicilies was annexed by the Kingdom of Sardinia. Later, with several other northern city-states and duchies, formed the new Kingdom of Italy.

References change

  1. N. Zeldes (2003). The Former Jews of This Kingdom: Sicilian Converts After the Expulsion, 1492–1516. BRILL. pp. 5, 69, 296–97. ISBN 90-04-12898-0.