Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies

King of Naples (1759-1806, 1815-1816), Sicily (1759-1816), and the Two Sicilies (1816-1825)

Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies was the first King of the united Kingdom of the Two Siclies.[1] The Kingdom was created on 12 December 1816 having united the separate crown of Naples and Sicily. He was a member of the House of Bourbon. Before that he had been, since 1759, Ferdinando IV of the Kingdom of Naples and Ferdinando III of the Kingdom of Sicily.[1] He was deposed twice from the throne of Naples.[2] The first time by the French revolutionary armies in 1799 and again by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806.[2]

Ferdinando I (III / IV)
King Ferdinando I
King of the Two Sicilies
Reign12 December 1816 – 4 January 1825
SuccessorFrancis I
Born(1751-01-12)12 January 1751
Naples, Kingdom of Naples
Died4 January 1825(1825-01-04) (aged 73)
Naples, Two Sicilies
Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples
SpouseMaria Carolina of Austria
Lucia Migliaccio
Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress
Maria Luisa, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Prince Carlo, Duke of Calabria
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Maria Cristina, Queen of Sardinia
Maria Amalia, Queen of the French
Maria Antonia, Princess of Asturias
Leopold, Prince of Salerno
Full name
Ferdinando Antonio Pasquale Giovanni Nepomuceno Serafino Gennaro Benedetto di Borbone
HouseBourbons of the Two Sicilies
FatherCharles III of Spain
MotherMaria Amalia of Saxony
ReligionRoman Catholic

Titles and styles change

  • 12 January 1751 – 10 August 1759 His Royal Highness Prince Ferdinando of Naples and Sicily, Infante of Spain
  • 10 August 1759 – 12 December 1816 His Majesty The King of Naples and Sicily
    • 23 January 1799 – 13 June 1799 Titular King of Naples
    • 30 March 1806 – 22 May 1815 Titular King of Naples
  • 12 December 1816 – 4 January 1825 His Majesty The King of the Two Sicilies

Family change

In 1768 he married Maria Carolina of Austria.[3] They had the following children:

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roland Sarti, Italy: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present (New York, NY: Facts On File, 2004), p. 276
  2. 2.0 2.1 Barry Jones, Dictionary of World Biography (Acton: A.C.T. ANU E Press, 2013), p. 285
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 Justin C. Vovk, In Destiny's Hands: Five Tragic Rulers, Children of Maria Theresa (Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, Inc., 2010), pp. xix–xx
  4. Guida Myrl Jackson-Laufer, Women Rulers Throughout the Ages: An Illustrated Guide (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1999), p. 261