Chandrayaan-1 was India's first spacecraft launched to explore the Moon. It lifted off on 22 October 2008. It was under the control of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was launched by a PSLV rocket. Chandrayaan 1 carried NASA's M1 Moon Mineralogy Mapper. The space mission was designed to last for two years. In reality the mission lasted for 312 days. It mapped about 95% of the moon's surface. On 29 August 2009 radio signals from Chandrayaan-I were lost. The mission was considered ended at that point. The lunar probe showed the presence of water on moon.
|Mission type||Lunar orbiter|
|Operator||Indian Space Research Organisation|
|Mission duration||Planned: 2 years |
Final: 10 months, 6 days
|Launch mass||1,380 kg (3,040 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||22 October 2008, 00:52UTC|
|Launch site||Satish Dhawan Second Pad|
|End of mission|
|Last contact||28 August 2009, 20:00UTC|
|Semi-major axis||1,758 kilometers (1,092 mi)|
|Periselene||200 km (120 mi)|
|Aposelene||200 km (120 mi)|
|Epoch||19 May 2009|
|Orbital insertion||8 November 2008|
|Orbits||3,400 at EOM|
The mission had the following stated objectives, or goals:
- to design, develop, launch and orbit a spacecraft around the Moon using an Indian-made rocket
- to conduct scientific experiments using instruments on the spacecraft:
- to increase scientific knowledge
- to test the impact of a sub-satellite (Moon Impact Probe – MIP) on the surface of the Moon to help prepare for future soft-landing missions
- Express News Service (2 August 2014). "IE Campus Now Home to Scale Model of PSLV-XL". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- Ruth Netting (13 May 2014). "NASA Space Missions: Chandrayaan 1". NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- J. W. Boardman (2010). "A New Lunar Globe as Seen by the Moon Mineralogy Mapper..." (PDF). Brown University Planetary Geosciences Group. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- ISRO Press Release (29 August 2009). "Chandrayaan-I Spacecraft Loses Radio Contact". ISRO. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- "Objectives". ISRO. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2008.