Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg

Monarch of Luxembourg (1919 to 1964)

Charlotte (Charlotte Adelgonde Élise/Elisabeth Marie Wilhelmine; 23 January 1896 – 9 July 1985) was the Grand Duchess of Luxembourg from 1919 until her abdication in 1964.

The Grand Duchess in 1942
Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Reign14 January 1919 – 12 November 1964
Prime Ministers
Born(1896-01-23)23 January 1896
Berg Castle, Luxembourg
Died9 July 1985(1985-07-09) (aged 89)
Fischbach Castle, Fischbach, Luxembourg
SpousePrince Felix of Bourbon-Parma
Full name
Charlotte Adelgonde Elisabeth Marie Wilhelmine
FatherWilliam IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
MotherInfanta Marie Anne of Portugal

She became grand duchess on 14 January 1919 following the abdication of her sister, Marie-Adélaïde, due to political pressure.

She married Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma on 6 November 1919. They had six children. Following the 1940 German invasion of Luxembourg during World War II, Charlotte went into exile: first in France, then Portugal, Great Britain, and North America. While in Britain, she made broadcasts to the people of Luxembourg. She returned to Luxembourg in April 1945.

She abdicated in 1964, and was replaced by her son Jean.

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