Citrus

genus of fruit-bearing plants (source of fruit such as lemons and oranges)

Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits. The genus Citrus is native to South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, Melanesia, and Australia. For thousands of years, people in these areas grew citrus plants. Citrus reached Micronesia and Polynesia with the Austronesian expansion around 3000-1500 BCE. It reached the Middle East and Mediterranean around 1200 BCE, and then Europe.[1][2][3][4]

Citrus
Citrus fruits.jpg
Slices of various citrus fruits
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Division:
Class:
Subclass:
Order:
Family:
Subfamily:
Genus:
Citrus

Important species:
Citrus aurantifolia – Key Lime
Citrus maxima – Pomelo
Citrus medica – Citron
Citrus reticulataMandarin orange & Tangerine


Important hybrids:
Citrus x aurantiumBitter orange
Citrus x latifolia – Persian Lime
Citrus x limon – Lemon
Citrus x limonia – Rangpur
Citrus x paradisi – Grapefruit
Citrus x sinensis – Sweet Orange

Synonyms

Eremocitrus
Microcitrus

Citrus fruits include oranges, lemons, grapefruits, limes, citrons, pomelos, and kumquats. See List of citrus fruits.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Wu GA, Terol J, Ibanez V, López-García A, Pérez-Román E, Borredá C, Domingo C, Tadeo FR, Carbonell-Caballero J, Alonso R, Curk F, Du D, Ollitrault P, Roose ML, Dopazo J, Gmitter FG, Rokhsar DS, Talon M (February 2018). "Genomics of the origin and evolution of Citrus". Nature. 554 (7692): 311–316. Bibcode:2018Natur.554..311W. doi:10.1038/nature25447. PMID 29414943.
  2. Fuller, Dorian Q.; Castillo, Cristina; Kingwell-Banham, Eleanor; Qin, Ling; Weisskopf, Alison (2017). "Charred pomelo peel, historical linguistics and other tree crops: approaches to framing the historical context of early Citrus cultivation in East, South and Southeast Asia". In Zech-Matterne, Véronique; Fiorentino, Girolamo (eds.). AGRUMED: Archaeology and history of citrus fruit in the Mediterranean. Publications du Centre Jean Bérard. pp. 29–48. doi:10.4000/books.pcjb.2107. ISBN 9782918887775.
  3. Zech-Matterne, Véronique; Fiorentino, Girolamo; Coubray, Sylvie; Luro, François (2017). "Introduction". In Zech-Matterne, Véronique; Fiorentino, Girolamo (eds.). AGRUMED: Archaeology and history of citrus fruit in the Mediterranean: Acclimatization, diversification, uses. Publications du Centre Jean Bérard. ISBN 9782918887775.
  4. Langgut, Dafna (June 2017). "The Citrus Route Revealed: From Southeast Asia into the Mediterranean". HortScience. 52 (6): 814–822. doi:10.21273/HORTSCI11023-16.