Colac is a town in the western district of Victoria, Australia. It is about 150 kilometres (93 mi) south-west of Melbourne, on the southern shore of Lake Colac and the surrounding volcanic plains, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) inland from Bass Strait. Colac is the largest city in and administrative centre of the Colac Otway Shire. At June 2016, Colac had a population of 12,411.
The Princes Highway running through Colac
|Elevation||134.0 m (440 ft)|
|Time zone||Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) (UTC+10:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||+11:00 (UTC)|
|LGA(s)||Colac Otway Shire|
European settlers moved into the area in 1837. Within three years, most of Gulidjan lands had been taken over by sheep farmers.
The first European settler was Hugh Murray. In 1848, the town was named "Lake Colac".
In 1854 a shepherd, Thomas Brookhouse, who worked for Hugh Murray went missing. Another shepherd, Patrick McGeary left the town soon afterwards. Fifteen years later, Brookhouse's bones were found under a pile of rocks near Lake Corangamite. The skull had been crushed. It took police another two years to find McGeary, who was found guilty of murder and hanged in Melbourne in 1871. He had killed Brookhouse to stop him from telling Murray about his sheep stealing.
The Lake Colac Post Office opened on 1 July 1848. The name was changed to Colac in 1854.
Colac Botanic Gardens in Queen Street is next to the shores of Lake Colac. They were first planted in 1868, and remodelled in 1910 by William Guilfoyle. There is a large number of different of plants with many old and rare trees and a rose arbour.
A commemorative plaque on the southern side of the Memorial Square remembers two historic speeches given on consecutive nights in Colac. The two speeches declared Australia would join Britain to fight in World War I. On 5 September 1914 the Leader of the Opposition, Andrew Fisher said "...Australia will stand by the mother country to our last man and our last shilling". The next night, the Prime Minister Joseph Cook said that "...If the old country is at war, so are we".
Lake Colac dried up during the drought of 2008-2009. It has now refilled.
The railway reached the town in 1877. From 1883 the line was extended to reach as far as Port Fairy, in the south west of the state. The Irrewarra-Cressy line to Ballarat also ran from Colac between 1889 and 1953. There was also a branch line to Alvie opened in 1923 and closed in 1954. A narrow gauge railway line began in Colac going south to the small towns of Beech Forest and Crowes. This line opened in 1902 and closed in 1962.
Colac is on the Princes Highway.
Colac is the home of the annual "Cliff Young Australian 6-day race". The event has been going for over 20 years and is a running/walking event. It is held in the Memorial Square which is in the middle of Colac and attracts entries from all over the world.
The main industries are based on agriculture including dairy, beef, lamb and finewool merino industries, and a large timber industry. These include Bulla Dairy Foods, CRF Colac Otway Pty Ltd, Fonterra, Cororooke, and AKD Softwoods.
Colac has its own newspaper, The Colac Herald, published on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Colac has a number of local radio stations: 3CS 1134AM, MIXX FM 106.3 MHz, and Otway FM 104.7 MHz& 99.1 MHz.
Television services are received via UHF from Ballarat Lookout Hill, as well as a local repeater on nearby Warrion hill.
FM radio services direct from Melbourne can be received in Colac but signal levels are low. Television services direct from Melbourne can be received in Colac but large antenna arrays must be used with mixed results.
Colac has a horse racing club, the Colac Turf Club, which has around four race meetings a year including the Colac Cup meeting in February. It also has a picnic horse racing club, Colac St Patrick Picnic, which holds its one race meeting a year in March.
Golfers play at the Colac Golf Club on Colac - Lavers Hill Road, Elliminyt.
Colac also has a swimming club which trains swimmers and has athletes competing at Region, State and national competitions.
Colac also has a baseball club, the Colac Braves, which plays in the Geelong Baseball Association winter competition and the Pan Pacific Masters Games on the Gold Coast.
- "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2016: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2006 to 2016". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Estimated resident population, 30 June 2016.
- Ian D. Clark, pp. 135-139. Scars on the Landscape. A Register of Massacre sites in Western Victoria 1803-1859. Aboriginal Studies Press. 1995 ISBN 0-85575-281-5.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Colquhoun, Fiona (2003), Rail Trails of Victoria and South Australia, McCooke, Alexander; Aitkin, Vince; Peace, Ray, Victoria, Australia: Railtrails Australia Inc., pp. 84–89, ISBN 0-957-97590-2
- Sid Brown (March 1990), "Tracks Across the State", Newsrail, Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division): pages 71–76.
|pages=has extra text (help)
- "Cliff Young Australian 6-day race". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2006-06-14.
- "colacherald.com.au". colacherald.com.au.
- "1134 3CS - Home". www.3cs.com.au.
- "MIXX FM 106.3MHz". Archived from the original on 2005-10-30. Retrieved 2005-08-27.
- "OCR FM (Community Radio Service) 98.3MHz, 88.7MHz Lorne & 99.1MHz Apollo Bay". Archived from the original on 2005-09-13. Retrieved 2005-08-27.
- Full Points Footy, Colac Imperials, archived from the original on 2008-07-05, retrieved 2008-07-25 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Full Points Footy, South Colac, archived from the original on 2008-10-11, retrieved 2008-07-25 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Country Racing Victoria, Colac Turf Club, archived from the original on 2008-07-28, retrieved 2009-05-07 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Country Racing Victoria, Colac St Patrick Picnic, archived from the original on 2008-08-04, retrieved 2009-05-07 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Golf Select, Colac, retrieved 2009-05-11 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colac, Victoria.|
- Colac Otway Web Archived 2006-06-12 at the Wayback Machine
- Colac Otway Shire Council information about local services, economic development and cultural activities in the Colac Otway Shire
- Colac and District Family History Group