Czech teacher, educator, philosopher and writer (1592-1670)

Comenius (28 March 1592 – 15 November 1670) was a 17th-century Czech bishop, and an innovator in education.[1] His name is spelt differently in almost every language.[2] In English it is John Amos Comenius, but he is usually called just 'Comenius'.

Via Lucis, 1668

Comenius is famous for arguing for universal literacy, and inventing the idea of a modern textbook which used pictures as well as prose to get its message across.[1][3][4] Comenius also tried to design a language in which false statements could not be written.[5]

Some books by Comenius change

There are about 16 works, with many translations and versions.[3]

  • 1633–1638. Didactica magna ("The Great Didactic").
  • 1642. A reformation of schools, designed in two excellent treatises. This is an English excerpt from the above. It explains his ideas for reform.
  • 1658. Orbis sensualium pictus: quadrilingus. It is something like an illustrated dictionary, in two languages, Latin, and German
    1659. English edition.
    1685 in four languages: Latin, Czech, German and Hungarian (Magyar).
    Orbis Pictus had a long-lasting influence on children's education. It was a precursor of both audio-visual techniques and the lexical approach in language learning.[6] There is a Kindle version in English.

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 Murphy, Daniel (1995). Comenius: A Critical Re-Assessment of His Life and Work. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7165-2537-0.
  2. Czech: Jan Amos Komenský; Slovak: Ján Amos Komenský; German: Johann Amos Comenius; Polish: Jan Amos Komeński; Hungarian: Comenius Ámos János, in other sources: Hungarian: Comenius-Szeges János; Latinized: Iohannes Amos Comenius
  3. 3.0 3.1 Sadler, John 1969. Comenius. London: Collier Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-02-975920-2
  4. Donohue, William A. (2017). The New Realities. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-351-47850-2. ... a Czech, John Amos Comenius – the first person to advocate universal literacy – invented the textbook and the primer.
  5. Hofstadter, Douglas R. (2000). Godel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid. Penguin Group(CA). p. 635. ISBN 978-0-14-028920-6.
  6. "Learning from Comenius - the pedagogical underpinnings of the Orbis Pictus".