Crop (anatomy)

part of animal's throat

A crop (sometimes called a croup or craw) is a thin-walled expanded portion of the alimentary canal used for storing food before digestion. It is found in many animals. It occurs in birds, some dinosaurs, and invertebrate animals such as gastropods (snails and slugs), earthworms,[1] leeches,[2] and insects.[3]

A male Budgerigar with a full crop after feeding.
One Greater Flamingo-chick in Basel Zoo is fed on crop milk.

BirdsEdit

In a bird's digestive system, the crop is an expanded, muscular pouch near the gullet or throat. It is a part of the digestive tract, essentially an enlarged part of the oesophagus. As with most other organisms that have a crop, the crop is used to temporarily store food. Not all birds have a crop. In adult doves and pigeons, the crop can produce crop milk to feed newly hatched birds.[4]

Scavenging birds, such as vultures, will gorge themselves when prey is abundant, causing their crop to bulge. They subsequently sit, sleepy or half torpid, to digest their food.

Most raptors, including hawks, eagles and vultures (as stated above), have a crop; however, owls do not.

BeesEdit

Cropping is used by bees to temporarily store nectar of flowers. When bees "suck" nectar, it is stored in their crops.[5]

Difference to gizzardEdit

In a gizzard, the food is ground down before digestion, usually by stones. Gizzards have a tougher lining, and muscles. The gizzard is lower down the digestive tract, and more like a part of the stomach.

The crop is just a storage device. Often, it pays a bird to feed while the going is good, and do the digestion later. In many birds and in bees, the food is eventually brought back to the nest and given to family members.

In other species, food brought back to the nest is pre-digested. That would mean it is regurgitated (brought up) from the stomach.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Worm World: About Earthworms". Archived from the original on 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2008-12-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Sawyer, Roy T. "Leech Biology and Behaviour, Volume II" (PDF). Retrieved on 16 December 2008.
  3. "Insect Identification: Digestive System". Retrieved 2011-01-18. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. Gordon John Larkman Ramel (2008-09-29). "The Alimentary Canal in Birds". Retrieved 2008-12-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. "Honeybee Biology". 1994. Retrieved 2008-12-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)