Coordinates: 47°34′N 7°36′E / 47.567°N 7.600°E
Basel (French: Bâle) is a city in the north of Switzerland. It is sometimes called Basle in English. Basel is the capital of the Swiss canton of Basel-Stadt.
|Coordinates: 47°33′17″N 07°35′26″E / 47.55472°N 7.59056°E|
|• Executive||Regierungsrat |
with 7 members
Beat Jans SPS/PSS
(as of 2020)
|• Parliament||Grosser Rat |
with 100 members
|• Total||23.85 km2 (9.21 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|Demonyms||German: Basler(in), French: Bâlois(e), Italian: Basilese|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)|
|Surrounded by||Allschwil (BL), Hégenheim (FR-68), Binningen (BL), Birsfelden (BL), Bottmingen (BL), Huningue (FR-68), Münchenstein (BL), Muttenz (BL), Reinach (BL), Riehen (BS), Saint-Louis (FR-68), Weil am Rhein (DE-BW)|
|Twin towns||Shanghai, Miami Beach|
The city has a population of about 170,000 people and is the third largest city in Switzerland after Zürich and Geneva.
Basel borders Germany and France in the north and the canton of Basel-Land in the south. The Rhine river flows through the city.
Basel was a prince-bishopric from 999 until 1803. Most of the city was destroyed in the 1356 Basel earthquake, the strongest earthquake ever recorded in Central Europe. Basel joined Switzerland in 1501.
Basel is well known for the many chemical and pharmaceutical companies that are located in the city, such as Novartis, Syngenta and Hoffmann-La Roche.
The only ports in Switzerland are located along the Rhine river in Basel, which makes the city important for imports and exports to and from Switzerland. Water transport using cargo ships on the Rhine river connects Basel with the seaport of Rotterdam. Basel ports are connected to the Swiss railway and road network.
Basel shares the international airport EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg with the French city Mulhouse.
The University of Basel was founded in 1460 and is the oldest in Switzerland and one of the oldest in the world. Erasmus, Paracelsus, Daniel Bernoulli, Leonhard Euler and Friedrich Nietzsche worked here.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- ↑ "MONATLICH AKTUALISIERTE ZAHLEN - KANTONALE STATISTIK". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- ↑ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- ↑ Grihault, Nicki 2011. Basle, Switzerland: A cultural guide. T Travel, Telegraph Media Group, London. 
- Official website of the city of Basel Archived 2005-04-26 at the Wayback Machine (in German)