Cunard Line is a shipping company that was founded in 1840 and runs cruise ships all over the world.
|Subsidiary of Carnival Corporation & plc|
|Founded||1840, as the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Company|
|Headquarters||Southampton, United Kingdom, and Santa Clarita, California, United States|
|Transatlantic, Mediterranean, Northern Europe, Caribbean and World Cruises.|
|Parent||Carnival Corporation & PLC|
Cunard was formed in 1840 by Samuel Cunard after he decided to start a company that would carry mail from England to the United States. England paid for the costs of this service, since the country wanted a more regular service than the sailing ships of the time could do. Cunard started with four steam ships that made crossings of the Atlantic Ocean once a week. The company became known for its record of good safety–while ships of other companies often sank, killing many people, these sorts of things rarely happened to Cunard.
By the early 1900s, though, Cunard was faced with many other ships from several countries also competing with it for passengers going across the Atlantic. This caused the company to build three new ships, larger and faster than the ones before them. They were named RMS Mauretania, RMS Lusitania and RMS Aquitania. Theses ships made Cunard back into a leading shipping line, even though Lusitania was sunk during World War I by a German submarine, killing 1,200 people.
In 1934, another big Cunard ship, the RMS Queen Mary, began service. She was the largest ship ever built at that time. During World War II, Queen Mary and another new ship like her, Queen Elizabeth, carried many soldiers to support England and the US.
By the 1960s, people preferred to cross the Atlantic by jet airplanes rather than by ships, so Cunard sold most of their ships, or made them cruise ships instead of ocean liners. Cunard still decided to build one new ocean liner, though, RMS Queen Elizabeth 2. She started service in 1969 and became a very popular ship because she made both cruises and crossings of the Atlantic.
In 1998, Carnival Corporation bought Cunard. Soon after, the company decided to build a new ocean liner that would make both cruises and Atlantic crossings like Queen Elizabeth 2, but would be bigger. This ship entered service in 2004 and is named RMS Queen Mary 2.
- Plisson, Philip (2004). Queen Mary 2: The Birth of a Legend. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 0-8109-5613-6.
- Fox, Steven (2004). Transatlantic: Samuel Cunard, Isambard Brunel, and the Great Atlantic Steamships. Harper Collins. ISBN 9780060955496.
- Schwerdtner, Nils (2007). The New Cunard Queens. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-105-1.